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Help Jason Scott, creator of the computer history documentaries "BBS" and "GET LAMP",  produce three more documentaries at once.
Help Jason Scott, creator of the computer history documentaries "BBS" and "GET LAMP", produce three more documentaries at once.
573 backers pledged $118,801 to help bring this project to life.

A Little Bit on Editing


I just wanted to share some quick thoughts on editing.

Vanderslice Mini-Doc Edit Bench
Vanderslice Mini-Doc Edit Bench

The image above has the final editing cuts for the Vanderslice mini-doc, pulled from a single interview I conducted in 2012. Besides some illustrative shots of very old studio setups, the whole mini-doc comes from the footage shot across a straight hour and a half at Tiny Telephone. It's got a couple hundred "edits" of various types, ranging from audio and video through to transitions and text overlays. It took me a few days, with a break to get some distance and to go back in.

If you watch the full 45 minute interview, you can pick out pieces of what I used to construct John's statements. It's a difficult but necessary job to take the essence of what he is saying, and cut it together so he says it better and in less time. Coughs, long considering pauses, and repeating an idea as it gets worked through are all refined out.

This is why you have B-Roll, the illustrative shots of the person not talking, so the edits are not as obvious. For example:

It helps to see the bench as a camera pointed down - whatever visual clip is in front will be the one on the screen. We see how I have layers of images that are being swapped behind. So after that first couple seconds, we have four image shots (one of which, based on the squiggly line, has been stretched out because of a camera shake or being too short to begin with). Meanwhile, John's statement underneath has 7 cuts (including the ends) and has had two pauses placed in it.

This is the least enjoyable part of the work, of course - doing the shooting is pretty fun and variant, but in something as simple as this interview being cut down, I might listen to this clip over 100 times and then a dozen or more after it's "done" to make sure I didn't mess something up.

The result, ideally, is something both watchable and informative, with enough variation (even in such a relatively small content set) that you don't feel you're watching a repetitive set of shots or ideas. I could make it shorter, or add a few other interesting things said, but that balance of fun-to-information is critical for people to come away from a viewing (especially in today's world) feeling they got just enough of what they needed, while others who want to dig deeper can be given access to the raw stuff.

Notes on a (Cancelled) Tape Documentary


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2017 Update: Cancelling Tape Doc Production, Release of Mini-Doc, Plans for 6502/Arcade Move Forward


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The Fundamental Kickstarter Film Incompatibility

(This is being crossposted between my weblog and my kickstarter campaign for my three documentaries currently in production.)
So, Kickstarters are now simply "part of the landscape" of filmmaking, just like it became part of the landscape of an awful lot of things out there which were previously cases of passing the hat, sinking personal cost, or otherwise having to squeeze blood out of the social network's stone. I've heard countless rough plans that get a Kickstarter thrown into the mix like some sort of financial MSG that will paper over the small cracks here and there and get the intended show (or product, or event) on the road.

So, in the years hence, I've seen Kickstarter used for dozens of films, including a good bushel of ones that I've backed in some small or large way. And I have something entirely unhelpful to report: 

Film Kickstarters almost always end in heartbreak. 

Now, let me be clear, I don't mean they don't get finished. They most certainly do, to the vast majority. Before I switched over almost exclusively to the "digital download" option for kickstarters, I built up a pretty tidy set of Blu-Ray and DVD sets with the names of the documentaries I backed (I almost always back documentaries exclusively) and those things are done, done, done. And well made! Enjoyable.

But what almost always seems to happen is that down in the clutch, at that point where the films are somewhere in the twilight zone between final mixdown and the copies (digital or physical) fly out into the world, there's a rapid breakdown of communication and happiness between the backers and the creators. Almost every time.

I don't think I can solve this problem, per se, but I can mention it and mention what I'm doing, which is likely not going to work for anybody else in this situation. 
Pulling my long-dormant mass communications degree from decades-old muck, I'll say that films in the digital era are subject to a few properties that make them very different than, say, music albums or software programs. This especially comes into play with the concept of "release".

It's a given that in the digital world we live in, a thing that's a bitstream that is somewhere in the Internet is officially all over the Internet. This is both delightful (the file can go everywhere) and to some, terrifying (the file can go everywhere). This property is out there and it is permanent - no amount of coming up with idiotic gatekeeping streams or anti-copying measures are going to stop a file in the wild from being a file in the wild everywhere. (Unless it's boring or broken.)

With music albums, you can release what counts for "singles" now - single .mp3 files of one song on the album, maybe the one you want heavily rotated or available. You don't have the full album out there, and you get to still choose when the whole thing goes online. (A couple album kickstarters I've backed have released singles before release, for example.) And with software, there's always "demos" that you can put out, which let you play the first level or some aspect of the program without it all being out there. (Some entities can be lazy and just "tie off" the content, which means it's trivial to unlock and get the full version, but that's the lazy group's fault, not the fault of the nature of what's being done.)

But with films, you kind of have to do an all-or-nothing deal. You throw the movie out into the world, or you don't. You can argue about the bonus features and the packaging, but the central X minutes of film are not something easily put out as a "single" or in a "demo mode".

Oh, sure, you can have trailers, and selected scenes released, but that's not the same as releasing the whole movie, at least to many backers. It's out or it's not.
Therefore, in that moment when the film is nearly done, and the backers who have so generously given money to see the film hit that point are waiting, the filmmakers find themselves seeking some level of professional distribution. And if you want old-school "waiting for this internet to go away", you definitely are going to find a lot of that in professional distribution.

So right then, in that critical point which should be a celebration, is when there is awful heartbreak.

All true examples: 

  • The film is shown at a premiere of a major event relevant to the next step of getting distributed. The backers, not shown the film first, are furious. 
  • The film is finished, but can't be released for X amount of months while the distributors grind through their "process" which is like putting a ship in a bottle. Backers, furious. 
  • Components of the film or the things that were previously available to see are taken down so the distributors can have all the control of how the film will be promoted. Backers. Furious. 
  • Digital copies are available before physical copies, which are often backed at a higher rate. The backers who did physical copies are completely furious that the "deluxe" edition didn't arrive before the casuals could watch it in digital form. 

And so on, through many iterations and variations. 

The thing is, I think the patient may be terminal - I think in that period between "oh man, we have a movie" and the movie hits hands, there's so much going on in the way of ensuring the content is paid for, not duplicated, not out of the control of the people who want to get recompense for the finished effort. But at the same time, the number of folks who are expecting it at the first few seconds of availability can be significant and large. 

I've seriously watched this so many times, it's almost become an expected milestone for me when these projects wind down into "finished". But for the backers who are only backing that particular film, it can seem a horrible shock that the film got shown at Maybe-Get-Your-Film-Sold Fest instead of online-debuted to the backers only. Or the aforementioned physical-comes-after-online orders. Or any of the other pitfalls.

There's several solutions. They're all pretty crazy. I'm trying one myself. 

As each of the documentaries I'm working on are finished, I'm releasing them online as pretty much fast as possible. I'll make sure the backers have access to everything. I'm not going to play games with holding stuff back. 

The physical, deluxe editions will have components of the physical products that will make them interesting and enjoyable on their own, but not controlled by being able to see or not see the movies and the content. I am working on them as separate, involved endeavors.

But I'm nuts. I don't like the whole "sign your work away to a distributor" thing, and my particular project is so over-time that I feel very beholden to getting it into hands the second it's out there. It's also my 4th (through 6th) rodeo; I'm happy to change things up. 

But my contention stands: Films are difficult things to not get through a kickstarter without broken hearts. I don't know how to walk it back, and I don't know what people can do, other than be super educating at the start of a campaign so backers (and creators) are not heartbroken at the end. 


The Documentary Maker Who Archives


Greetings from Japan, a trip I've wanted to make for 20 years. I've been enjoying sushi, hot baths, a lot of walking, and I've been shooting lots of Japanese arcades. Since we last talked, I've lost 25 pounds, sent away or disposed of 30% of what I own, and have inventoried all my current shot footage for the three documentaries.

I get back from my trip on June 20th. I left for my trip as an archivist who does documentaries. I come back as a documentary filmmaker who does archiving.

One of the first orders of business when I come back is nailing down phone calls. A percentage wanted them before the movies came out, and I will be spreadsheet-and-mobile-phone guy, tracking down good times for everyone who wanted them. All subjects are on the table. However you want the call to go, I'm up for. I like talking. So that'll be happening soon.

Next, I'm going to be working on packaging in a more concrete fashion, because good packaging takes a lot of prep. I've got some calls out on collaborators, so that's happening.

And finally, wrapping up any remnant interviews for 6502 and Arcade, as I'm intending to release those first. 

As it currently stands, and because of the enormous amount of time I've spent on this project, I am going to lean very heavily towards making sure I release what the final products are very robustly, and not play games with trying to "protect" the works from any potential spreading around - what that means is I want to do my utter best to make sure anything released gets to you, the backers, first, even if in a form you could then torrent or pass out immediately. I think that's the right thing to do. More on this later, but I wanted it stated clearly where I'm coming from with that. I'm not going to partner with a distributor, I don't care about 4-wall box distribution to movie theaters, and I just want some stuff I'm proud of to wrap up my weird little career as a documentary maker. I intend to do it right.

What I would like to now do is turn this to the comments section of this entry and ask you, the backers of all types, what you'd like my actions to be like going forward.

I'm happy to just squirrel away on the films and bring shiny rocks to you in some point in the future, with just announcements of "this is release date, this is title, this is info". Or, I can do updates of a teaching/reporting nature, giving instructions/tutorials of how I do this work for the use of others. I can also just do things on a rote monthly or other schedule, saying anything but just showing I'm here and I care. Please let me know.

And thanks again, in so many ways.