Correlation Engines (Canceled)
Devices to correlate angular momentum in a system resulting in the ability to set the radius between any two masses.
Correlation Engines (Canceled)
Devices to correlate angular momentum in a system resulting in the ability to set the radius between any two masses.
What We Plan to Do
In this project we are going deep in an attempt to change the way we get around in the world, which can't help but change how we do everything else, and importantly, why we do it; all in one logically coherent package. This project is in the technology section because it will deliver a device which does useful work. It could just as well be in a humanities section because it also aims to deliver a change in understanding about who we are, individually and collectively, and through this a change in how we conduct ourselves, how we treat one another and our environment.
To accomplish these goals, we must address a series of missteps in our understanding of the natural world which have accumulated over time. We start with some history to set the stage, then get right into the technical considerations, and conclude with a philosophical discussion. While a deep mathematical and experimental review of this material is beyond the scope of this summary, we will address the important topics at a high level.
Our approach is one predicated on a logically coherent natural philosophy. This area of study existed prior to the artificial separation of the discipline into the philosophy and physics departments, to the great disadvantage of modern physics. These areas of knowledge remain deeply intertwined irrespective of academic barriers. What we have seen happen is that without a strong philosophical foundation as a guide our physics has devolved into a morass of meaningless theories and jargon and has disconnected itself from commonsense logic. Worse, untethered from the moral foundation which philosophy provided, science has created as much risk to humanity as it has promise.
From Energy to Power to Progress
Stretching back into pre-history, all of humanity's significant advances have been predicated on increased access to affordable energy and the ability to apply that energy to do useful work in the form of power (power being the rate of change in energy per unit time). This includes, without exception, all the great intellectual leaps forward, such as in ancient Greece, the foundations for which lay in technological solutions which, relative to the time, made available consistent and inexpensive energy to power agriculture and commence, allowing those societies to begin dedicating time to developing an understanding of the universe in which they inexorably found themselves.
Beginning with the industrial revolution, humanity began to make significant and rapid strides, creating new wealth and with it better health, if certainly halting and uneven. These advances, which continue to this day, were made possible at scale by the steam engine; in its various incarnations, always consuming fuel, first wood, then coal, oil and gas. Even today’s nuclear fission power plants are simply steam engines, the reactor vessels of which can be found carrying labels such as GE Mark III Boiler. For all their advanced technology, this is what they do, boil water.
The Environmental Cost of Making Fire to Go
In all variations of the steam engine, work is done by a heat cycle. Something gets hot, around which water is circulated to make steam, which either directly powers machines doing useful work, or turns turbines generating electricity which remotely powers those machines. Within the last century, internal combustion in the form of reciprocating engines (automobiles), turbine engines (aircraft) and rocket motors (spacecraft), along with their hydrocarbon-based liquid fuels, introduced ubiquitous portable power. Nonetheless, they all still rely on various types of heat cycles based on burning a fuel.
While the advances have been many, there are a minimum of two front-line undesirable consequences of this activity; firstly, the burning (combustion) of a fuel to generate heat produces an array of undesirable chemical byproducts which are, for the most part, released into the environment; and secondly, the release of large amounts of concentrated waste heat, which is a byproduct of cycle inefficiency, causes environmental damage on a localized basis. When both of the foregoing are done everywhere and all the time, the cumulative effect degrades the natural environment globally. We are seeing this today in our atmosphere, fresh water, oceans, soils and so on.
There are of course psychological and physical human health consequences in addition to the myriad primary and knock-on environmental impacts to the planet’s flora and fauna. In sum then, making fire to go, especially in transportation where portability results in emissions being released directly into the environment, has significant material local and global downsides. Heat cycle engines are a primitive concept yet continue to dominate our lives in their various forms now well into the 21st century.
Leveling Up Newton and Einstein
To move forward, some logical errors in our scientific heritage must be addressed. While we will only list a few here, we must begin with Newton. Philosophically, as well as mathematically, and now experimentally, we have demonstrated to our satisfaction that all force-free motion is orbital, not linear as Newton had theorized. Aristotle, to his credit, logically deduced 2,500 years ago that the trajectories of all freely moving bodies must be closed; as it turns out orbital, elliptical and precessing.
What we now actually observe, at all scales, through our telescopes, microscopes and other instrumentation, is that everything is orbiting everything else and spinning about its own axis to one degree or another. Further, this essentially infinite angular energy cannot be destroyed (disconserved) only changed in form. As to where all this energy came from (or who or what set everything in motion) that is not a question for science. One must consult a theologian from any of the many human religions for further discussion. For the present purposes, it's enough to understand that this is what we've been given to work with.
The universe then, including all of its constituent parts, from the cosmic to the atomic, is properly conceived of as an instantaneously paired and balanced angular momentum system, wherein the holistic requirement for angular momentum conservation ensures that all free matter moves in proper-time instantaneous response to each and every other. To quote Ernest Mach "when the subway train jerks forward it is the fixed stars that knock you down" and we would add for completeness, without delay or requirement for mediation.
Coming to the profound realization that natural force-free (inertial) motion is orbital not linear, makes Newton's in-vacuo force of gravitation and Einstein’s geometric warping of space replacement for it, both excess to requirements. This frees the mind to look again at nature as it actually presents itself. And so it transpires that angular momentum is sufficient to precisely describe the motion of all moving bodies, at all scales.
Angular momentum comes in two primary forms, spin and orbit, and is a vector quantity, meaning it has direction as well as magnitude, wherein the vector quantities representing it can be added or subtracted with one type exchanged for the other. Further, there is no question of any need for mediating waves, particles or ethers of any kind. In fact, any delay in these proper-time instantaneous quantum interactions which would be caused by mediation would disconserve the energy, which cannot happen. This is pursuant to Newton's third law, that of instantaneous equal and opposite reaction, which he got right.
What is the Atom Really
Having dispensed at the macro-physical level with Newton's assumed naturally linear motion and with it any need for gravity, it's important now that we take a look at what's really going on at the micro-physical level because we're going to need to work there. The atom is, from the ancient Greek, that smallest thing. Up until now science has made an assumption (as first elucidated by Democritus) that the atom must be some very small mass. To this day we continue to spend billions of dollars annually on large machines chasing what we think are smaller and smaller representatives of that smallest thing.
In our view, at the ultimate micro-physical scale, the universal underlying substance (building block) of the universe, is not mass but energy, specifically energy in the form of that same angular momentum, in discrete (quantized) irreducible units of h/2pi. This quantum of angular momentum includes motion as well as mass as integral parts of its character. In its simplest, most reduced form, for convenience, it can be conceived as a pair of balanced orbiting masses equivalent to the traditional electron and proton as in the Bohr atom. More generally however, it is a configuration of pure angular momentum in which one may conceive component masses orbiting a common barycentre.
It needs to be stressed that although it may be convenient to think of atom in this way, so that the mass and motion elements of the angular momentum are ascribed a meaning analogous to their counterparts on the macro-scale, we do not mean to imply that this is its real physical structure. Indeed, at the quantum level, there is no continuous motion in the classical sense. Having said that, it's certainly often convenient to think of the atom as analogous to the Bohr model except for one important and fundamental difference. The proton and electron are devoid of their esoteric electrostatic charge, which is replaced by an equivalent real spin kinetic energy analogous to that ascribed by Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit. Hence, the atom is a combination of orbital and spin angular momentum; all in the form of real physical kinetic energy.
If one wishes to step fully into a new domain, then the atom is best thought of as exactly what it is, a stored form of light-energy. It is an angular momentum quantum accumulator insofar as it serves as an assemblage of bits of transactable energy in hierarchical echelons of integer multiples of the action unit h. These increments of energy in the quantum accumulator are stored in accordance with an equivalent of the Balmer-Rydberg step formula, meaning that as the store of energy gets larger, so the internal orbit levels of its mass components increase in radial amounts nr where n is an integer and r is the so-called ground-level radius of the lowest energy state (equivalent to the classical Bohr radius).
A Better Way to Move Around in Space
Based on this updated understanding we are ready to actually do something. We have become accustomed through the course of the 20th century to placing artificial satellites in force-free orbits around the Earth by adding to them significant amounts of orbital angular momentum. Enough in fact that they force-free fall around the planet every 90-minutes. The Earth is quite large, so this is a remarkable achievement for humanity. Further, in the case of geostationary satellites, we can reduce the orbital angular momentum to match the Earth's by extending the satellite radius significantly.
The next logical step in this evolution of capabilities will be to constrain the satellite's orbital angular momentum to that of the Earth's at its surface, and to constrain the radius of orbit to that of the Earth's plus say one meter. The intent here being to place our satellite in a force-free geosynchronous orbit of convenience which we define, in the case of this example for it to remain in the room with us at table height. Rather than think about this as raising something up (levitation) which has all sorts of historically mystical connotations, it is more productive to think about it as reeling something in given where we started with artificial satellites.
If we are going to define the requirements for orbital velocity and radius, then we must compensate by adding additional angular momentum to this local system in the form of spin. Without it, our satellite will have insufficient total angular momentum to force-free orbit the Earth at the defined radius; this being one and the same reason why our feet are stuck to the ground; not because of Newton's misconceived attraction between masses or Einstein's warping of space. If someone does not believe that adding spin angular momentum to the satellite in our example will affect its radius with respect to the Earth, then they do not believe in high school level algebra.
The catch (there is always a catch) is that the amount of spin required, given the small scale of our satellite as compared to the Earth. It is on the order of billions of rotations per second. This is why we do not see the effects of spin on the orbits of macro-physical bodies in everyday life. We cannot rotate macro-physical objects at anything like these angular velocities without fracture and failure of the material. We can however rotate (polarize or correlate) atomic nuclei (using the language in which those things have been classically conceived) at the micro-physical level. In a general sense, rotating the constituents of a thing is paramount to rotating the thing itself (actually much more, but we'll save that for another time).
By way of everyday example, this is loosely synonymous with heating coffee in a microwave oven wherein the magnetron is oscillating (not rotating) at approximately three gigahertz (three billion times per second), energizing the bonds between each of the atoms in the coffee, which is the same as energizing all of the coffee; without visually moving, disturbing or affecting in any way the composition of the coffee or the cup. Put the coffee in, push the button, absolutely nothing will happen, really nothing, take the coffee out, it will still be coffee, but it will be hot. But not the cup. It must be magic. We operate in this and countless other ways on atomic nuclei and larger molecular systems at frequencies into the terahertz range in everyday life in the 21st century. It’s simply a matter of what is being asked of the system, for what is it designed, what is the nature of the material on which it is acting, etc.
With respect to grasping atomic nuclei en masse and correlating them at a rate and in a plane of rotation which we desire, these are solvable technical considerations to which we have addressed ourselves. The roadblock for humanity has been at the higher philosophical level, chasing a theoretical gravity for three and a half centuries, that being the ghost in the machine. Having gone down the rabbit hole with Alice it's been a long time coming to get back here.
A Four Minute History of the Future
This 4-minute video gives a look at the past three years of experimental research and development work which followed 50-years of logical thinking and mathematical analysis.
Why This is Not Anti-Gravity
Not to beat a dead horse, but there is no sensible discussion to be had about anti-gravity by definition. Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation was nothing more than a working hypothesis, and while useful in its time, conceived as it was during the age of wood burning steam engines and candle light, it is now long past its sell by date. Nearly four hundred years of searching has produced no meaningful evidence of it in any form; irrespective of reports of the detection of gravity waves being generated by two black holes running into each other on the other side of the universe billions of years ago; something which is as ludicrous to read as to believe.
Further, it has long been known that Newton's constant G appears not to be constant, and that the observed elliptical orbits and perihelion shifts (precessions) of planetary orbits are not adequately explained by his theory. Einstein’s attempt at a replacement for Newton was to incorporate in his General Theory of Relativity a geometric warping of the fabric of space; this being an even more fanciful concept. The definition of space is the no-thing between the masses. That what the word means, it is nothing, which is a hard enough concept without then saying you can warp it. Experimentally, Michelson and Morley demonstrated more than a century ago that space is factually completely empty. You cannot warp nothing, it is a logical absurdity.
What's really going on here is simply the proper-time instantaneously and holistically correlated interaction between the orbit, spin and radius of masses; by definition then, angular momentum, with respect to any localized system of masses, and by extension universally, at all scales, whether we're talking about a spiral galaxy or an atom, irrespective whether that system is natural or artificial (driven).
What Newton failed to realize; for which he can be forgiven, as he predated Einstein by three centuries; was that all motion had to be relative to something; hence Newton's straight line mv is incomplete. Combining relativity theory with an understanding that all natural force-free motion is orbital not linear, this becomes the more complete and correct mvr. Essentially everything is torquing everything else. It's a small change but it makes a big difference. This holds true at all scales, making redundant any discussion of invisible in-vacuo forces and fields of gravitation, electrostatics, magnetostatics and nuclear; along with all of the metaphysical reasoning and tortured mathematics associated therewith. So begins an entirely different, simpler and more commonsense understanding of nature.
The Newtonian and Einsteinian Aspects of Relative Motion and Time
To be complete, it should be noted that there is no logical conflict between interactions being proper-time instantaneous and observer-time delayed (there is no actual conflict between Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics in this regard); the latter being at the rate of c. In our way of thinking however, c is not the speed of light in vacuo, as Einstein had theorized (for a velocity to be a velocity it must be relative to something and the vacuum is nothing). Light interactions are not limited by c, they are definitionally proper-time instantaneous and reciprocal interactions between quantum accumulators (atoms). This is what we actually observe, and to be otherwise would discooserve the energy, which does not happen. Rather c is nothing more, or less, than a constant for interconverting commonly used measures of distance (meters) to time (seconds); and as a constant, it is constant for all observers in all frames of reference, regardless of their relative motion, which of course makes complete sense (out of something that has up until now made no sense to anyone).
Where Did This Come From and Who Are We
The philosophical foundations of this work started with Ernst Mach, the last great philosopher-physicist, beginning in the late 1800’s and has been advanced mathematically and experimentally through most of the 20th century by physicists and mathematicians including Einstein, Bohr, Planck, Schrodinger, Shannon and Osborne to name but a few; as well as the philosophers Berkeley, Kant, Moore, Wittgenstein and Pope, and by extension Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, Pythagoras and Democritus, among many others; each contributing something in their own way, but none being entirely right and none having the final say, as none ever will.
Experimentally, our neo-Machian approach to relativity culminated in a privately funded effort by a group of interested and concerned citizens, scientists, physicists and technicians, using leased facilities within the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center's Advanced Propulsion Laboratory over the course of the last three years.
In addition to the matter-atmosphere-independent placement of masses in three dimensional space through management of the composite angular momenta of localized systems, given their spatial extent, radii from one another, their relative planes of orbit, directions of spin, and so on; there are other significant aspects of this work in the sciences and significant philosophical and moral outcomes. The consequences of this work for the human condition in general, in the conduct of our collective efforts, and for the future of life on this planet, cannot be understated.
How We Will Make it Happen and What is the Reward
The results of our efforts to date have given us the confidence needed to establish an independent facility for the development of what have come to be known as correlation engines. The objective of this campaign is to raise the capital necessary for the continuation of this effort through the development of facilities and the hiring of the scientists, technicians and manufacturing expertise. We have set the initial budget at two million dollars. Where it will go from there only time will tell but certainly we hope it will grow into a significant enterprise.
As a reward to backers, we will produce exclusive monthly electronic updates of the build progress so you can follow the development work closely, culminating in the opening of an online library of physics research and philosophical papers which cohesively present a fundamentally new way of viewing the universe. This will include a video lecture series to increase your understanding and help you spread the word.
Once in production, we will first build electrically powered correlators which can be displayed on a desktop. These devices will be working scale models of this new technology. They will suspend a mass (ball) in space (more precisely, establish a force-free geosynchronous orbit of user-defined radius with respect to the Earth) solely through the correlation of spin angular momentum at the microphysical level within the ball. This should start a technological and philosophical revolution. We will concurrently begin development of full-scale matter-atmosphere-independent inertial lift and propulsion systems and related technologies. Attaching these correlation engines to vehicles (to anything really) will allow hover boards to actually hover and flying cars to actually fly (wings not required). This will blur the lines between vehicle types, allowing the matter-atmosphere-independent movement of anything without noise, vibration or pollution.
This approach to propulsion is intended to profoundly improve the future of humanity while having an overwhelmingly positive impact on the natural environment. The objective is not less than to usher in the future we were promised.
Science Fiction and Science Fact
Science fiction can be entertaining, and we are fans. It can also be misleading. In our commonsense approach to natural philosophy there is no place for scientifically unsound, untestable, observationally unsupported or logically absurd theories such as, for example, big bangs, worm holes, black holes, time travel, warped space, warp drives, multiverses, dark energy and dark matter, to name but only a few.
Rather, we accept the phenomenological evidence as we find it; that we live in a reality in which the measures of mass, length and time are not isolated from one another but are inseparable, wherein energy and mass are related by a constant ratio of distance to time, the implications of which in the mass-energy and time-dilation equations of Special Relativity are profound enough without the additional and unnecessary overlaying of grotesquely unscientific theoretical fictions.
Given the extra-solar distances involved in travel to any prospective new world which might even vaguely resemble the Earth, the consequences of time dilation are such that the odds are heavily against the idea of anyone coming to save us, and there is in all probability no where and no way for us to run. The logical answer to Enrico Fermi’s question about alien life “so where are they” is simply that for us, as for them should they exist, to go anywhere, even close in relative terms, necessitates going fast, and to the extent that is even possible given mass increase with velocity, the effects of time dilation are such that there would be no reason why someone embarking on such a journey would ever be on anything other than a one way trip; all that they left behind having long since perished in terms of their proper-time.
As Carl Sagan noted decades ago, “As a species it is here that we make our stand”. If each of us was to take a moment to comprehend that we are not only isolated in terms of the vastness of interstellar space but also in terms of time, to see the Earth for the improbably beautiful paradise it is, to accept that it is all we have, and that it is all we are ever going to have; maybe we would think about this place and our lives here differently, make a real effort to respect what we have, and do it with a good measure of awe.
Why We Should All Care
We live in a universe, to paraphrase Jill Bolte Taylor, "which is comprised of information in the form of energy which comes streaming in through all of our sensory systems where it explodes into a giant collage of what this present moment looks like, what it sounds like, and what it feels like". No longer can information be regarded as a consequence of atomic mechanisms. Information is now understood to be the very essence of reality.
The switch from a mechanistic-based to an information-based physical science, about which we have only scratched the surface in this summary, removes the artificial division between science and the humanities. It holds the promise to restore to society some measure of the commonsense morality and humanity without which no society can long continue to function. This does not bode well for our present preoccupation with the purely material benefits of classical science and technology from which common morality is now all but excluded.
This updating of our understanding of the natural world is imperative. If the universe were a machine, then since there can be no morality in a machine, and if we and our society were no more than cogs in that machine, there could be no morality in our society, or at least, any appearance of morality and responsibility for our actions would be illusory. And insofar as religion of some sort is always a part of human society, a very important part, that would have to be an illusion also, since it would make no sense to worship a machine, far less make supplication to it in prayer. No, there is clearly something more here.
As for the right now, the world’s population has grown to more than seven billion and each individual will absolutely do what is necessary to feed themselves and make their lives and the lives of their families better. We cannot rationally expect anyone to act against their self-interest as if they had suddenly developed a concern for humanity generally which overrides their fear of hunger and suffering individually. Therefore, it is incumbent upon those who can, to develop new tools which allow everyone the freedom to advance while reducing, and in some near future eliminating, any harm to the natural environment. This is the only realistic approach. And it is not only an issue of the natural environment, it is also one of human dignity. To deny individuals hope and the opportunity for a better future is to disenfranchise them. What for is a system which cannot or will not serve them, other than something to be torn down in another great conflagration.
At that ultimate irreducible level of the quantum, there is no time, space or motion in the macro-physical sense. At each instant in time, everything is physically connected to everything else. We are quite literally all one thing. We live as well on the cutting edge of time, from which there is no going back, and for which the future cannot be known. Nothing is pre-determined. What we do matters and it matters completely. There must be a fundamental change in the foundation of human society or we are certainly closer to the end than to the beginning of our time on Earth. A changeover from the old mechanistic-materialistic understanding of the universe, to an information-based understanding of our reality, one in which we all exist in an instantaneously interconnected intercommunicational whole, is an important first step.
Consider the consequences of all of this from the standpoint of our responsibility to one another and the natural world in which we find ourselves. Our reality is no determinate machine. What we do individually, and therefore collectively, not only makes a difference, it is the difference. Knowing this, knowing that this is all there is, that this is everything there is, that we are all in this together, all physically connected at each instant, that there is no going back in time, that we are always on the cutting edge of time, shaping the future, is to understand that we are not absolved of anything and bear full responsibility for everything. Every life matters, every life has meaning, and every decision counts.
Why not fund this through academia? The walls surrounding disciplines are high and jealously guarded by entrenched priesthoods who's positions and livelihoods depend on the current way of looking at things being right. Such has always been the case and consequently history instructs us that great change typically comes from outside of the establishment.
Why not fund this through industry? One would think that to change the world in such a fundamental way as we have described, capital would be of no consequence. However, with all new ways of understanding and the foundational technologies predicated thereon, there is little available in the way traditional finance. Investors are looking for an immediate and certain return of and on their capital, and they see groundbreaking technologies as at best an uncertain bet and at worst having the competitive potential to displace existing industries in which they may have a stake.
Why not fund this through the government? The government is a collection of mostly dedicated civil servants who's lives are dominated by trying to do the right thing within an organizational structure that has mostly the wrong incentives. This has been a failing of all governments across all time. It is their nature. In the current case, the organizations within government charged with the advancement of science have in many respects become so politicized that they are no longer willing to invest in new things. It's the nature of the beast.
At least the old days of drinking the hemlock, burning at the stake, and excommunication are behind us, mostly. This platform then, is the best way to begin, both practically and philosophically. It has always been most desirable to fund revolutionary work on a peer-to-peer basis between like-minded individuals who would prefer to do what they can to help realize the future on their own terms, outside currently established vested interests.
Risks and challenges
It may take longer and cost more than we expect to save the planet along with all its species. Nonetheless, we must start now before it's too late, and press forward no matter what obstacles present themselves.Learn about accountability on Kickstarter
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