## Ying and the Magic Turtle

A story book for all ages to experience mathematics, problems solving and the rewards that come with perseverance.
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111 backers pledged \$6,235 to help bring this project to life.

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CONTACT: If you have a question, a comment, or want to reach the book team for any reason, please email reach.out@naturalmath.com

STRETCH GOAL: For every \$45 the campaign generates over \$6000, we will donate a copy of Ying and the Magic Turtle to a math circle that serves a community underrepresented in STEM. For example, if you pledge at the White Tiger tier, you will receive two books, and we will give a free book to a group of children in need.

"Long ago in the land of China, there were many rain storms ... and the land of China was slowly sinking into the sea. This is the story of how a wise emperor, an observant girl, and a magic turtle saved the villages of China from the great flood."

So begins the story of Ying and the Magic Turtle

Children ages 5 and up, parents, and teachers can enjoy the book for its rich beauty in mathematics and as an ancient legend. It is the kind of story to revisit over and over again. This book is perhaps best experienced with someone, as a read-aloud or read-together. When reading, we learn of Ying’s trouble, and we root for her to find her solution. We find ourselves drawn into the life problems that Ying is facing, but also drawn into the inherent mathematics of the story. It is through the beauty of the pattern of the dots on the turtle’s shell that the solution is finally found and the land is saved.

We can appreciate each scene as we read, and then pause and predict what might come next. We can play with the mathematics, solving right alongside Ying. We can delve deeper into the power of magic squares by working with puzzles presented at the end of the story. There are unsolved problems in number theory even a young child can try, such as finding all the possible magic squares of a given size.

Ying and the Magic Turtle is about the excitement and rewards that come with solving a challenging and interesting math problem. Ying, the heroine of the story, shows others what it means to enjoy and productively struggle with a mathematical problem. She is patient, persistent, and curious. She uses these qualities to stick with a perplexing problem. She demonstrates the attributes of a problem solver. She sketches things out. She ponders and wonders. She walks away and then returns to the problem. She searches for patterns and clues. Ying takes her time to notice the pattern and use the hidden structure. Most importantly, she does not give up!

Following the story, there are magic square puzzles inviting readers to continue to play with the mathematics. Solving puzzles together is a wonderful way to connect with one another through mathematics. We can experience the joy that comes both during the process of problem solving, and with finding a solution.

The puzzles at the end of the story are designed in a progression of levels of challenge to provide multiple entry points. Some tasks are specific in nature, while others have various solutions. All tasks encourage creativity in mathematical thinking. While ages are suggested, readers can choose how they wish to engage with the mathematics in a way that they find joyful.

For young readers, ages four to six, they might solve a magic square by studying Ying’s drawing and counting the dots. They might notice how many dots are in each box on the grid, and look for any patterns. They might create their own pattern on a grid.

Readers ages six through twelve can be drawn into the fascination of how magic squares “work." They can play with the placement of the numbers on the grid and look at various sums using three addends. They can also play with rotations and symmetry to find multiple solutions.

If we look even further into creating magic squares, readers age twelve and older can explore and derive the formula for generating not only a three by three magic square, but also larger magic squares. As they do so, they are working with algebraic thinking and the study of functions.

All too often people equate mathematics with rote exercises that are lifeless. Ying and the Magic Turtle shows us that a mathematical journey can indeed be magical. Please support this project to help others realize and enjoy this magic.

Early Reviews

"This is a great book for all of us.  It is about perseverance, curiosity and self-confidence.  I love so many aspects of the book.  The story draws you in from the beginning!  I love the problem set-up.  I found myself wanting to stop and draw the pictures.  When it was done, I stared closely, intensely, to see if I too could figure it out!  This was before the reveal. My favorite line is "because of your patience, curiosity and mindfulness..."  The endnotes are incredible.  I love the way they challenge us to think further about this!" - Dr. Nicki Newton, Author Guided Math in Action!

"Ying and the Magic Turtle, a Chinese Legend Retold by Sue Looney, captures our imaginations and our hearts through the power of storytelling. And, in this beautiful story, which is embedded in both myth and math, Looney takes young readers on a journey that is curious and dreamy, which are only heightened by the simple and disarming watercolor images. This book is a must-have for any elementary teacher or parent to promote the allure and magic of mathematics!"  - Sunil Singh Author Pi of Life and Math Recess

I am Dr. Sue Looney, the author of Ying and the Magic Turtle. Even as a young child I have been full of curiosity - especially about how numbers work. I continue to be that curious ever-questioning child. Perhaps I am a bit like Ying!

I discovered this legend over twenty years ago, and it sparked a strong ongoing interest in magic squares. I have continued to be fascinated by the properties of mathematics and pattern seeking that can be uncovered through studying and solving magic squares. I have had great fun and success engaging learners of all ages with activities for magic squares. I now have the opportunity to more widely share my enthusiasm through Ying and the Magic Turtle

Educating children and adults, and encouraging them to question, to pursue understanding, and push their boundaries of learning has become my career. I am passionate about spreading the joy of mathematics to all learners – from experienced educators to the youngest of children. I am the founder of Looney Math Consulting, a professional development agency devoted to supporting educators in the important work of inspiring learners to believe in themselves as powerful mathematicians.

I also love adventures, imaginative stories, and nature. When I first heard this ancient Chinese legend, I became fascinated by its combination of magic and beauty. The main character, Ying, is a role model for children to pretend-play a mathematician. Just like a mathematician, Ying is patient, persistent, curious. And just like Ying, a child faced with a difficult math problem will draw sketches, ask questions, search for patterns, make conjectures, and test ideas. Our world’s challenges are more complex than a single puzzle. Yet fantastic adventures like Ying’s can inspire real future scientists, engineers, and mathematicians.

I am fortunate that I was able to include my children, Jessica Looney and Joey Looney, as illustrators for this story. As artists, they seek out the beauty in expressing the world that they see. They create with a variety of mediums including drawing, painting, writing, and photography.

The publishing company, Natural Math, invites youths to contribute their math creativity alongside more experienced team members. That approach not only makes more voices heard, but also results in more relatable, accessible math materials. As the artists’ hard work and dedication brought the words to life, I felt even more inspired in editing the story.  It has been an incredible family experience to create this book with them.

Jess Looney illustrated the characters of Ying and the Magic Turtle. She spent an especially long time designing the character of Ying. She worked through multiple drafts to be sure her expressions was just right so that Ying could be seen for the brave curious character that she is. Jess is pursuing Art and Marketing at Providence College. As an artist, her goal is to capture and reflect the world in a  meaningful way that in turn ignites passion in others.

As co-illustrator for Ying and the Magic Turtle, Joey Looney worked on the images that include scenery and still objects. He researched the history and the legends of China to craft his drawings, such as his favorite, the mystical creatures that represent North, South, East and West. Joey Looney is a high school student. He plans to continue with his art as a means of spreading happiness.

Natural Math is a small company that serves a lively worldwide community of parents, teachers, and math circle leaders. Natural Math publishes books that add rich, beautiful, and kind math to children's lives. It has developed a unique publishing process to give authors, artists, and even readers a lot of creative control.

A book starts with amazing authors who deeply care about their work in mathematics education. Each author spends many hours improving every aspect of the manuscript by testing the book with children, families, and classes.

Next, Natural Math invites beta readers: brave community volunteers who field-test the draft in their own families and classes, without the authors on-scene to help. Our beta readers are parents, principals and classroom teachers, as well as leaders of math circles, learner coops, museum activities and other extracurricular programs. They come from all learning backgrounds and all continents (except Antarctica). Their input is how Natural Math books become so real.

Crowdfunding comes next. That's why you are here. Thank you!

Our crew of professional editors, proofreaders, and designers is paid with the crowdfunding money. They make the book a joy to hold, each page or ebook screen a smooth reading experience. Natural Math books have been featured by The Atlantic, The NY Times, and many lovely sites dedicated to learning, parenting, and mathematics.

As all our previous books, Ying and the Magic Turtle will be published under a Creative Commons license. That means that people all over the world will be able to access its content, translate it into different languages – and share their ideas based on the book. The Creative Commons site features an interview with the Natural Math founder in its celebration of innovative projects in education.

If you already are a part of the Natural Math community, thank you for your continuing support. If you are new to Natural Math, thank you for checking out our latest project. Please join the math adventure!

### Risks and challenges

Risks are low. We are a part of the author support community Natural Math that has a lot of combined publishing, education, and creative experience. As of this writing, eight Natural Math books have been crowdfunded and delivered to their supporters. We have done much of the work upfront: the book is fully drafted, and most of the artwork is done. Comments from dozens of children, teachers, parents, and math circle leaders went into multiple revisions. We trust the book will delight and inspire a wider audience.

### Support

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### The Bamboo Scroll: Tier 1

PDF

You will receive the PDF of "Ying and the Magic Turtle". Your name or pseudonym will be in the book as a supporter, and you will have backers' exclusive updates on the campaign.

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### The Bronze Sword: Tier 2

Electronic book

You will receive the Kindle, iOS, and PDF "Ying and the Magic Turtle" ebooks. Your name will be in the book, and you will receive insider updates.

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### The Vermilion Bird: Tier 3

Your very own paperback copy of "Ying and the Magic Turtle.

A greeting card with a bonus puzzle.

You will also receive the ebooks and the insider updates. Your name will be in the book.

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### The White Tiger: Tier 4

Share with a friend!

You will receive two paperback "Ying and the Magic Turtle" books.

You will also receive the ebooks, two copies of the bonus puzzle card, and the insider updates. Your name will be in the book.

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### The Azure Dragon: Tier 5

Small group!

You will receive five paperback "Ying and the Magic Turtle" books.

You will also receive the ebooks, five copies of the bonus puzzle card, and the insider updates. Your name will be in the book.

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### The Delta Stream: Tier 5.5

Variable group!

Want to choose your own number of books, Y? Select this reward and pledge \$15*Y. For example, \$150 is for 10 books.

You will receive Y paperback "Ying and the Magic Turtle" books.

You will also receive the ebooks, Y copies of the bonus puzzle card, and the insider updates. Your name will be in the book.

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### The Emperor: Tier 6

Large group!

You will receive twenty-five paperback "Ying and the Magic Turtle" books.

You will also receive the ebooks, twenty-five copies of the bonus puzzle card, and the insider updates. Your name will be in the book.

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### The Magic Turtle: Tier 7

Ying's Magic Friend!

You will receive five paperback "Ying and the Magic Turtle" books, and a framed print of your favorite character signed by the author and the artists.

You will also receive the ebooks, five copies of the bonus puzzle card, and the insider updates. Your name will be in the book.

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