Nope! The CEE is a custom-built tool with beefy, precise, accurate, and fast rail-to-rail opamps, a high-speed microcontroller, and awesome analog/digital/analog converters.
Sound cards aren't designed for this sort of work. They're usually AC coupled (meaning they can't measure voltages that don't change faster than 20Hz), they usually have proprietary built in filters and crossovers (meaning they do weird things to frequencies that we can't easily undo), and they're low power (meaning they can't directly control motors, heaters, and more). Additionally, soundcards can only source/measure voltage, not current.