About this project
12 months ago we launched a Kickstarter campaign for the UP Board, the most powerful credit card sized board powered by Intel Atom x5-Z8350 Quadcore. Just a year later we have successfully brought the UP Board into mass production and delivered it to more than 12,000 different makers in the fields of IOT, Entertainment, Digital signage, Smart Home automation, Robotics, Intelligent vending, Industrial automation and more. Now, we're elated to announce UP² (UP Squared), the most powerful maker board out there.
UP² (UP Squared) is an ultra compact single board computer with high performance and low power consumption. It features the latest Intel® Apollo Lake Celeron™ and Pentium™ Processors with only 4W of Scenario Design Power and a powerful and flexible Intel® FPGA Altera MAX 10 onboard.
Aiming to bridge the gap between makers and industrial markets, the UP team challenged ourselves yet again to bring a cost effective board in x86 architecture by adding some form factor creativity and increasing elements in embedded flavors. Nevertheless, we still hold onto some of the fun as a Maker board with our 40-pin GP-bus. Our ideas transform into a full industrial-featured Maker board, UP² (UP Squared) which starts selling from €89 on Kickstarter
Inheriting the 40-pin GP-bus from the first generation of UP, although this time controlled by Altera FPGA MAX 10, UP² (UP Squared) is powered by Intel® Celeron™ Dual Core N3350 up to 2.4GHz, Intel® Pentium™ Quad Core N4200 up to 2.5Ghz, or Intel® Atom™ x5-E3940 up to 1.8GHz, up to 8GB of RAM LPDDR4 Dual Channels 64 bit onboard, up to 128 GB onboard eMMC 5.0, more I/O ports including 3 USB 3.0, 2 USB 2.0, 2 Gigabit LAN, 1 HDMI, 1 DP, eDP, mini PCI-e/mini card SATA, M.2 2230, SATA 3.0, 2 CSI and additional 60 pin board-to-board expansion (EXHAT) with GPIO and many other features.
Latest Intel® Apollo Lake SoC
Intel Apollo Lake is the latest family of Intel Atom™, Celeron™ and Pentium™ Processor with 7 years product longevity. Based on 14nm architecture, Apollo Lake Celeron™, Pentium™ and Atom™ deliver extremely high performances with only 4W of Scenario Design Power ( SDP ) and only 6W of Thermal Design Power ( TDP )*.
* Atom™x5-E3940 TDP 9.5W
The Intel® Pentium™ N4200 is a 64-bit Quad Core processor which runs at a dynamic frequency from 1.1GHz to 2.5 GHz based on the need of the users. It comes with 2MB Cache L2, 64 Bit Dual Channels memory LPDDR4 at 2400MT/s with the support of up to 8GB.The Intel Celeron™ N3350 is a 64-bit Dual Core processor which runs at a dynamic frequency from 1.1GHz up to 2.4GHz based on the need of the application. It comes with 2MB Cache L2, 64 Bit Dual Channels memory LPDDR4 at 2400MT/s with the support of up to 8GB.
The Intel® Atom™ x5-E3940 is a 64-bit Quadl Core processor which runs at a dynamic frequency from 1.6GHz up to 1.8GHz based on the need of the application. It comes with 2MB Cache L2, 64 Bit Dual Channels memory LPDDR4 at 2400MT/s with the support of up to 8GB.
Both CPU’s support the Intel Secure Boot Technology, the Intel® Virtualization Technology (VT-x), Intel® Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O, Intel® VT-x with Extended Page Tables (EPT), Intel® 64, Idle states, Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® Technology, Thermal Monitoring Technologies, Intel® HD Audio Technology, Intel® Identity Protection Technology, Intel® AES New Instructions, Secure Key and Execute Disable Bit.
CPU benchmark by CPU Monkey
Most Powerful GPU
The Intel® Pentium™ N4200 GPU is one of the most powerful GPU’s that Intel has ever designed. The core is the Intel HD Graphics 505 which runs at base frequency of 200MHz with a graphics burst frequency of 750MHz. The GPU can allocate up to 8GB of RAM and it has 18 Execution Units. It supports Direct X, OpenGL, Intel® Quick Sync Video, Intel® Clear Video HD Technology and up to 3 independent displays.
The Intel® Celeron™ N3350 GPU is one of the most powerful GPU’s that Intel has ever designed. The core is the Intel HD Graphics 500 which runs at base frequency of 200MHz with a graphics burst frequency of 650MHz. The GPU can allocate up to 8GB of RAM and it has 12 Execution Units. It supports Direct X, OpenGL, Intel® Quick Sync Video, Intel® Clear Video HD Technology and up to 3 independent displays.
The Intel® Atom™ x5-E3940 GPU is one of the most powerful GPU’s that Intel has ever designed. The core is the Intel HD Graphics 500 which runs at base frequency of 400MHz with a graphics burst frequency of 600MHz. The GPU can allocate up to 2GB of RAM and it has 12 Execution Units. It supports Direct X, OpenGL, Intel® Quick Sync Video, Intel® Clear Video HD Technology and up to 3 independent displays.
More expansions, more I/O
Once more, we find ourselves moving one step ahead of most maker boards. Instead of a CPLD embedded controller, we decided to integrate FPGA -- Altera Max 10 (2K) with UP² (UP Squared). FPGA is powerful and permits flexibility in design. Without changing any hardware, the board the board can have different electrical characteristics by loading different firmwares in FPGA.
MAX® 10 devices are single-chip, non-volatile low-cost programmable logic devices (PLDs) to integrate the optimal set of system components. The highlights of the MAX 10 devices include: • Internally stored dual configuration flash • User flash memory • Instant on support • Single-chip Nios II soft core processor support MAX 10 devices are the ideal solution for system management, I/O expansion, communication control planes, industrial, automotive, and consumer applications.
Have some fun trying out some of the Raspberry Pi2 modules on UP² (UP Squared)! You can easily explore more possibilities with your project. Whenever we have a new compatibility test, the UP Community will continue to validate and publish all the results we collect.
UP² (UP Squared) runs many different operating systems like Windows 10, Windows IoT Core, Linux and Android.
About our Community, Shop, Aaeon & Asus
Today we have more than 2000 users at UP Community, and we sell our boards and peripherals at UP shop. We would like to invite you to share within UP Community and join our party at UP Shop !
Buy your UP² (UP Squared), HATs, cables and other spare parts on the UP-Shop, learn from UP-community, share the projects with all the UP makers and - once you are ready – publish your project onto the Intel Solution Finder. and Sell your product via UP Shop and via UP’s Resellers Partners. UP² (UP Squared) turns your great ideas into real business.
Are you looking for a customization service? Yes,We can gladly assist you with that too ! Yes, AAEON is an associate company owned by Asus, and we are ready to take care of your customization requirements.
UP² (UP Squared) is building further on the maturity of the original UP board. This means that the Eco-system is already actively developing software and hardware for the upcoming UP² system. Whether you are working in industrial automation, vending, digital signage, IoT, Home automation or robotics; there are have been talented people laying down the foundation for your project.
Some examples of our cooperations are:
- Intel RealSense (robotics)
- Lora (IoT gateway)
- HMS (Industrial Automation)
- EnOcean (Home Automation)
- TP Link (WiFi functionality)
Intelligent Vending: UP Brainy Solution
Robotics & Done: Intel RealSense
Internet of Things: LoRA
Now and next--At the beginning of October, we had our first engineering sample. The board is booting successfully and loaded with FPGA firmware. We are in the process of running more function tests and carrying out debug. We expect our second version during mid November. We anticipate to enter the next design phase after debugging the current one as well as optimising performance. Parallel to this we will validate Windows 10 and Ubilinux Debian first. Thereafter we will focus on Ubuntu, Yocto, Windows IoT Core and Android.
UP v.s. UP²
Risks and challenges
Following on from our very first Kickstarter project we've come a long way and learnt a lot too! Thermal design and the step up to x5-Z8350 delayed the UP Board project. With the next generation UP² (UP Squared), we are taking a different path on thermal design, using all our knowledge gained from UP.
With UP² (UP Squared) we have spent more than two months discussing all specifications and component placement. We've driven all product capabilities in once, therefore we remain confident that no more upgrade options need to be managed later on. We've brought together a logistic team in-house, this will assist us in providing a delivery plan and handle all orders efficiently!
We had to work with LPDDR4 technology for the first time together with a complete new architecture that hasn’t reached the market yet. Just a few days back, we amended the design to enhance the memory bandwidth. Now, we are working on developing the drivers for Altera FPGA MAX 10 to control the 40 Pin I/O as well as the 60 Pin. We are also improving layout optimixations and eMMC firmware boot.
UP² (UP Squared) is the answer to all applications.
Are you up for UP² (UP Squared) ? Hurry UP! and reserve your UP² (UP Squared) right here now!
Basically UP² has the same pin out as UP, but add some more features. At this moment, you can refer the information from UP board to see the speed of each pin. https://up-community.org/wiki/Pinout .
We integrate MAX10 2K-LE 10M02SC-U169 model
(for MAX10 specs, please refer to:
1. IN THE FUTURE, user will be able to upload custom fw inside the FPGA; IN THE FUTURE, we will open a special section on UP-community but today there is no plan on when this will be done. We cannot do it immediately as in case of wrong design, the board could be damaged so we have first to find a "safe-design-flow"
2. CPU is connected to FPGA by following ports: UART, 4x I2C, I2S, SPI (up to 3 SPI ports for specific models), 2xPWM, 2xOSCILLATOR, 10x GPIO, SDIO3.0, LPC, CPU-wakeup
3. FPGA pin are directly exposed on legacy HAT_connector (40pts header) and -new- EXHAT_connector which is HIROSE hi-speed mode. On EXHAT_conn the FPGA provides LVDS hi-speed bus 8 diff-pair +PLL_IN diff-pair +PLL_OUT diff-pair (all this can be used as GPIO if there is need of LVDS bus) while CPU provides USB3 port, UART port, 2x I2C
4.the EMIF is not supported on MAX10 U169, it is supported starting from MAX10 16K F256 / U324 packages (much more expensive); we could support this for Custom industrial projects only (10k pieces MOQ; contact firstname.lastname@example.org); FPGA has small internal memory of 108kb for 2K LE version. The only way I see to "simulate" a memory access for FPGA is thru a SDIO3.0 port (800Mbps bandwidth) whereas FPGA application generates and IRQ request asking the CPU to read/write (map) some LPDDR4 MEM-pages onto FPGA internal MEM ... latency would be low, but SDIO3.0 BW would be enought ... writing this application would require access to SDIO3.0 slave and a lot of work.
5. The board will be shipped with a defaul FPGA-fw enabling the legacy HAT-conn functions and EXHAT functions as GPIOs-only; IN THE FUTURE we will provide new functionalities but there is no plan yet on when this will be done.
6. FPGA fw update will be done safetly under OS; no need to use cables, it is same procedure of a standard BIOS update.
7. we will provide UP2 with MAX10 of 4K LE, 8K LE and 16K LE at higher cost; today there is no plan on when this will be done
8. in general WE ARE IN FAVOUR of cooperating with MAKERS to develop FPGA custom design; but we have to do this SAFETLY as RTL design is a complex task which could damage the board.
Our goal is always passive heatsink, and it will be a standard in all the UP². Probably we will also create a cooler( heatsink+ fan) as an option. When we can come to thermal design stage, we will come back for more update.
According to Intel's plan, x5-E3940 will be in mass production in ww20-ww22; based on this schedule, we expect to ship UP Squared ATOM in July, 2017.
No. Intel doesn’t release legacy VBIOS ,which is critical part for CMS to support legacy BIOS, for Apollo lake.
Therefore, UP Sqaured has no CSM and cannot support legacy BIOS.
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