Health effects of 5G
Research and publicize health effects of 5G
Health effects of 5G
Research and publicize health effects of 5G
I've been a telecommunications lawyer for over 25 years, mostly in radio telecommunications. I've worked with microwave, cellular and private radio, as well as other types of radio systems. Every ten years or so, a new cellular technology comes along. So, it's not surprising that we have 5G. However, 5G is different. 5G is invasive, with a 5G base station to be placed every 300 meters in residential neighborhoods. These transmitters will be much closer to the population than the ones that currently are on communications towers.
I'm concerned that 5G is moving so fast that the health effects have not been thought through. I am concerned for my children who will be exposed to 5G for many years. The government is not reviewing whether 5G causes health problems.
So, we're doing something about it. With your help, we will sponsor research and publish the findings. Below are the four steps that we would like to take and the funding levels needed for each step. I hope you will support us.
1. Research, write and submit petitions to the FDA and EPA to investigate health effects of 5G base stations. Research what these agencies and others have to done to determine whether 5G base stations are safe. Write up the results of the research. Petition the FDA and EPA to review the scientific literature and investigate 5G base stations. Lobby Congress to mandate that the FDA and EPA be responsible for determining health and safety standards for wireless services (both uplink and downlink) and that the FCC implement these standards. Milestone: fund raising of $20,000 in 20 days.
Why is this needed? We need to do research in order to get the attention of the federal agencies. We need to present a credible case that the agencies are overlooking an important public health hazard. Otherwise, these agencies won't pay attention to us.
Federal law prohibits local governments from considering the safety of radio frequency (RF) emissions when deciding whether to approve a 5G base station site. The federal government has taken responsibility; but, no federal agency is accountable for 5G health effects. The FCC sets RF emission standards. Yet, the FCC is not an expert health and safety agency and it relies on other government agencies (FDA, EPA, etc.) to advise on health and safety. These other agencies have different priorities and are not looking at 5G health effects. The FDA reviews scientific studies on human effects of cell phone usage. However, cellphone usage is different from a 5G base station mounted on a utility pole outside your bedroom window. The FDA and the EPA do not review studies on health effects of 5G base stations. The FCC did its last serious overhaul of RF safety standards in 1996, with incremental changes since then. That’s over ten years before Steve Jobs announced the iPhone in 2007. Technology has changed a lot since then.
What’s involved? We will review recent actions by the FCC, FDA, EPA, and other government agencies, as well as standards setting bodies. We will interview staff of these agencies to determine what research was done on 5G health effects and what information was conveyed to the FCC. Presuming that we find that these agencies have not adequately investigated 5G base stations, we will write up our research in the form of a petition and submit the petition(s) to the FDA and EPA to take action.
2. Research whether SAR (specific absorption rate) should be used as a safety measurement for radio frequencies above 6 GHz in addition to power density. Present the results in a research paper. Milestone: cumulative fund raising of $150,000.
Why is this needed? Millimeter wave frequencies will be used with the public for the first time and it is important to have the right measuring standards in place for millimeter wave frequencies.
The FCC and other government agencies recognize thermal (heat) damage to humans from RF emissions. The fundamental measure of heat deposited on a human from RF emissions is the specific absorption rate (SAR). For frequencies below 6 GHz, the FCC utilizes SAR as its primary safety measure. 5G will use higher frequencies – e.g., 28 GHz - for the first time. This makes the proper measurement of heat generated by higher frequencies into an important issue. The FCC says that it is not appropriate to use SAR for frequencies above 6 GHz. However, recent studies indicate that SAR conveys information that the FCC's measurements of power density do not convey. At certain levels, RF emissions might satisfy the FCC’s power density standard but still result in dangerously high SAR. This could have unfortunate consequences. For example, the FCC could approve a transmitter based on a power density measurement that the agency believes to be safe, where a SAR measurement could reveal that the transmitter is dangerous to humans.
What’s involved? We will review the literature of recent studies regarding SAR. We will hire a professional engineer firm specializing in radio frequency or university researchers, or both, to determine whether measurement of SAR is feasible above 6 GHz and to develop appropriate metrics. We will write a research paper and publicize the results. We will petition the FCC to enact a SAR standard for frequencies above 6 GHz.
3. Research whether the government is authorizing dangerous 5G transmitters. Present the results in a research paper. Milestone: cumulative fund raising of $250,000.
Why is this needed? The FCC is approving new radio equipment that has the potential to harm humans. This equipment uses new technology. The procedures for testing and approving this equipment are still being worked out. There is a risk of overlooking something that will later turn out to be harmful.
The FCC has started to approve 5G radio devices (base stations, in-home devices, etc.) These devices utilize new 5G technology, including massive MIMO and beam forming. This technology that has not been deployed on a large scale. Sometimes unanticipated things happen at a large scale that were not apparent from laboratory testing. There is uncertainty over how to model and calculate the power density or specific absorption rate for these new technologies. Laboratory tests that the FCC relies on to certify these devices appear to be simplistic and may not reflect real-world conditions. There is a possibility that the FCC is certifying equipment that will later be found to transmit RF energy in excess of FCC standards.
What’s involved? We will review the literature of studies regarding calculation of power density and SAR from massive MIMO and beam forming devices. We will utilize the RF engineers and researchers to review FCC equipment certifications and vet the power density calculations. We may also perform alternative calculations using various propagation models. We may perform laboratory or real-world demonstration tests of massive MIMO and beam forming systems to measure heat deposition from these devices. We will write a research paper and publicize the results. If appropriate, we will petition the FCC to revise its equipment authorization procedure.
4. Research how to develop a measure of non-thermal harm to humans from radio frequency emissions and whether non-thermal harm is demonstrated. Present the results in a research paper. Milestone: cumulative fund raising of $450,000.
Why is this needed? The FCC and other government agencies recognize only a certain type of harm to humans from radio frequency emission (thermal - or excessive heating). Other types of harm that have been identified by scientists. For example, scientists have identified effects on the brain that are not thermal related. However, the government does not recognize these effects. We suspect that this may be so because the government has not seriously examined the question in many years.
There is an increasingly large body of evidence that RF emissions cause non-thermal harm to humans and animals. The scientific studies examine a variety of causes. There is also research suggesting that millimeter wave frequencies interact with the human skin and insects differently from other wavelengths because these frequencies are similar to the size of skin cells. This could make the human body into an antenna for very high frequencies. The government does not recognize non-thermal effects as dangerous to humans or animals. It is not clear whether this non-recognition is based on valid scientific considerations or a failure to investigate and bureaucratic inertia.
What’s involved? We will review the literature on non-thermal effects of RF emissions. We will interview government agencies about their research into non-thermal effects, if any. We will commission the professional engineers and researchers to review to review non-thermal effects research and to explore what metrics are used to measure non-thermal effects. We may perform laboratory or real-world tests of massive MIMO and beam forming systems to demonstrate non-thermal effects. We will write a research paper and publicize the results. If appropriate, we will petition the FDA and EPA to recognize non-thermal effects.
Risks and challenges
Risks and challenges
1. Murphy's Law. Things take longer and cost more than you think. Our budgets could underestimate the cost to accomplish these items.
2. We depend to a certain degree on cooperation from government agencies and equipment manufactures, who might not want to cooperate.
3. Radio can be a seemingly unpredictable medium - we might get inconclusive results.
- (20 days)