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SUSTAINABILITY + PERMACULTURE + PEACE MEDIATION =
THE FAMAGUSTA ECOCITY PROJECT
A DOCUMENTARY (working title)
Before we begin…
A brief-ish history of the Cyprus Problem.
Where is Cyprus? No, it is not in Florida...The island of Cyprus is located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. No wonder it's been so high in demand over the ages.
You can find all the ingredients of violence in the last 50 years of Cypriot history: Divide and rule tactics, car bombs, bullets in the back, interrogation and torture, mass graves, UN troops, meddling foreign states, a coup, an invasion, occupation, and enough propaganda for another century of hostility. Any account of the Cyprus Problem will offend many, whether they are Brits, Greeks, Turks, Greek-Cypriots or Turkish-Cypriots, and if one is honest and unflinching about the fact, all will take offense.
Cyprus became independent in the 1960's after the Greek Cypriot underground group EOKA waged a five-year guerrilla war against Britain, the colonial master. But EOKA wanted union with Greece, not independence. In short, they wanted to be Greeks, not Cypriots. Turkish nationalism grew as a counterpart to the Greek variety, and the underground group TMT formed to pursue the partition of the island between Greece and Turkey. Violence ensued, and the UN arrives with a peacekeeping force.
Violence continued with both sides suffering atrocities perpetrated by extremists on each side, while the Turkish Cypriot minority withdrew into enclaves.
In 1974, the dictatorship in Greece staged a coup to annex Cyprus to Greece. Turkey then invaded, claiming its right as a guarantor power to intervene and restore constitutional order, and ended up occupying the northern third of the island, killing thousands in the process. Greek Cypriots living in the north were forcibly displaced to the south, while Turkish Cypriots in the south were moved to the north. The Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash later unilaterally declared the north to be The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which remains recognized only by Turkey. To this day, the Turkish troops have not left, and the island remains divided.
A brief history of Famagusta/Varosha
During the conflict of 1974, a six square kilometer district of Famagusta known as Varosha, was fenced off from the rest of the island by barbed wire. Famagusta itself is the setting for Shakespeare’s Othello and is one of the island’s most important harbors, tourist destinations, and center of culture, trade and commerce.
To this day, Varosha remains surrounded by barbed wire. Once known as the jewel of the Eastern Mediterranean where people like Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton summered, it is now a ghost city; a place of captivity; an abandoned and derelict area in the divided region of Famagusta; a pawn in a political struggle that has yet to be resolved.
The rest of Famagusta is inhabited by Turkish-Cypriots who were either originally there before the Greek-Cypriot community left or who were displaced from other parts of the island. There are also Turkish migrants from mainland Turkey who live in their own separate neighborhoods. The entire Famagusta region, which like Cyprus has in its history a long list of invaders, continues to retain the status of a fragmented community.
To hear more about Famagusta pre-1974 and see footage inside the ghost city, go here:
VAROSHA BEFORE 1974
VAROSHA TODAY (39 years after it was fenced off)
Our connection to this place
Vasia’s mother and Armando’s mother in law, Emily, was born and raised in Varosha, and like all of its Greek-Cypriot inhabitants, retains a certain nostalgia and longing for her hometown that will move anyone who has the chance to hear her story. She, like many other Famagusta refugees, has never recovered from its loss. It remains like an open wound for those who left their belongings, their homes and their communities one day thinking they would return the next.
These photos are the only physical record that remains of Emily's childhood in Famagusta.
Emily’s obsession with her hometown infiltrated Vasia’s psyche so deeply that it launched her career as a filmmaker. In 2008, Vasia made a documentary short called Hidden in the Sand about the city and the larger Cyprus problem that has kept it in captivity.
All of the work that Emily has done in launching eco-peace communities both in Maine and Cyprus, has been inspired by Famagusta and her dream to see it revitalized as Europe’s model ecocity. The idea stuck and last year Vasia decided to finally pursue a longer, more elaborate film on the subject. Emily, Armando and Vasia began meeting other individuals who either shared this dream or were immediately drawn to it.
These extraordinary individuals quickly became a team ready to help make this ecocity happen. Amongst them are Ceren Bogac, a Turkish-Cypriot architect and psychologist who grew up across the street from the ghost city and lives in Famagusta to this day, Jan Wampler, a distinguished MIT professor and world renown expert of sustainable community design, Fiona Mullen, one of the island’s leading economists, Bernard Amadei, the founder of Engineers Without Borders and many others.
The idea started catching fire and The Famagusta Ecocity Project was born. And thus a new film was born out of that.
This film will be following the story of this team as they rally support across the island and beyond for The Famagusta Ecocity Project (see its description below). We will meet the Turkish-Cypriots who live in Famagusta today, hear what it has been like for them like living next to this ghost city and what they would like to see done with it in the future. We will hear the memories and dreams of the Greek-Cypriot Famagusta refugee community as they hope and plan for their city’s impending revival. We will engage diplomats, business leaders, port workers, restaurant & hotel owners, soldiers, teachers, artists, and other Famagusta citizens from both sides of the divide in a dialogue about what a Famagusta ecocity could look like, recording their reactions, both positive and negative.
We will visit other locations around the world that have adopted sustainability in their town planning, while showing the way these principles can be adapted to the Cypriot climate as well as its environmental, political and economic conditions.
We will reveal the challenges of mending two communities who have remained divided while living a stone’s throw away from each other for the past thirty-eight years. (For safety and peace building reasons we will not put the "stone's throw" claim to the test).
The aim of the film is to see how the team prepares the ground in both communities to find the strength and resolve to crack a decades long conflict using a fresh idea like that presented in The Famagusta Ecocity Project. Whether the team fails or succeeds in its Cypriot mission, the documentary will still be able to provide a blueprint for other towns to use in preparing their own communities for a more stable and lasting future.
The Famagusta Ecocity Movement
A brief summary
Any reopening of Varosha, if and when that occurs, presents a unique opportunity to learn from the mistakes of the past and rebuild for a better future. Yet it comes with significant risks. Without careful planning, it could become just another unsustainable development in an already crowded Mediterranean tourism market, while cementing Famagusta as the second divided city in Cyprus.
Rebuilding Varosha in the context of a model ecopolis promotes peaceful coexistence amongst all of Famagusta’s inhabitants, embraces the latest ecocity technologies and thereby becomes a center for peace and sustainability within a troubled region. The Famagusta Ecocity Project aims to ultimately turn all of Famagusta into Europe's model Ecocity. It will be a multi-track approach to environmental sustainability, economic prosperity and peace building. Those involved will be local and international architects, permaculture designers, economists, business owners, urban planners, horticulturists, engineers, artists, conflict mediation specialists and more.
The aim is the implementation of the Varosha ecopolis and the transformation of Famagusta into a thriving cultural and environmental hub. Yet, the road is sure to be a bumpy one, as there will certainly be many obstacles along the way as a result of all the vested interests involved. And that's exactly what makes it an interesting film subject.
The Creative Duo
VASIA MARKIDES Greek-Cypriot, Director/Producer of The Famagusta Ecocity Project, Filmmaker, Artist and Video journalist with a BA in Anthropology and Studio Art from Middlebury College and an MFA from Tufts University’s School of the Museum of Fine Arts; cofounder of Eleventown Productions, a New York based production company working with clients such as Oxfam America, Global Nomads Group and other human rights organizations. Recent projects include editing the documentary Beneath the Olive Tree, about women’s persecution during the Greek civil war, as well as Olympia Dukakis: Undefined, a biographical documentary on the Oscar-winning actress (both films yet to be released). Her 2008 documentary short Hidden in the Sand has screened in festivals across the U.S., Cyprus, Turkey, Puerto Rico and Portugal. www.vasiamarkides.com
Olympia Dukakis: Undefined (documentary editor 2012)
A chronicle of two non-stop years in the life of famed theater actress and Academy Award winner, Olympia Dukakis. With unprecedented access, we take an exclusive look into the world of an artist in constant motion and an actor who has devoted her life to her craft.
Beneath the Olive Tree: (documentary trailer editor, 2011); not yet released
This documentary film depicts the true life accounts of the women exiled to Trikeri island -- the biggest women's concentration camp during the Greek Civil War. Years later, after the camps were phased out, seven sole surviving notebooks written in secrecy and buried under an olive tree during the women's imprisonment, have surfaced to speak the truth about their suffering, survival, and how they kept their spirit unbroken. The women's written words bring to light a part of history the Greek government continues to manipulate and repress.
Ripples: (videographer, editor)
This experimental short video is comprised of snippets of footage shot almost entirely on my phone over the course of the past two years. Using immediately available technology as the medium for escape, it depicts a yearning for transcendence and the dizzying confines of the big city, embodied in the interplay between water and light. Wanderlust is expressed through glimpses of Patagonia, Portugal, Maine, Utah, and New York City, providing an exodus from the city and the self.
Hidden in the Sand: (director, cinematographer, editor)
A 2008 short documentary on Famagusta and The Cyprus Problem.
ARMANDO GARMA-FERNANDEZ Director/Producer of The Famagusta Ecocity Project, Architect, Animator, Filmmaker, co-founder of Eleventown Productions a New York based production company. Before diving into the world of documentaries, animations, and motion graphics, Armando spent the last five years as an architect specializing in restoration and renovation. To see samples of his work (and because this project page is getting really long) go to his site. www.armandogarma.com
Why we're the ones for the job
Having one Cypriot amongst us and having already done a documentary short on the subject, we are clearly committed and have a strong supportive community of both Greek and Turkish-Cypriots who are eager to help us along the way. Together we have expertise in photography, videography, editing, animation, AND architecture. We have connections to people in different fields who have vested interests in the future of the city. We have access to a large network of not only Famagustians, but also Cypriots in general and members of the international community. We are easy going, honest, and trustworthy; that inevitably leads to better story telling by our subjects, and therefore a more compelling film.
We are doggedly stubborn, and will not give up if obstacles present themselves along the way, which of course they will - they always do. Not only that, but we love finding creative solutions to problems, so whatever course this project takes, we will find a way to make it into interesting visual material that can prove beneficial AND entertaining to our viewers.
Some of our Cast of Characters
OUR ORIGINAL VISIONARY & FILM'S MAIN INSPIRATION
OUR INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS
JAN WAMPLER BS in Architecture from the Rhode Island School of Design (1963) and Masters of Architecture and Urban Design from Harvard Graduate School of Design (1963); Distinguished MIT Professor of Architecture, Fellow at the American Institute of Architects, renowned designer of sustainable communities worldwide.
Recent work of Jan Wampler includes two new cities in Jinean, China, urban design in Tangshan, China and buildings in several Chinese cities. His latest projects include the Hope for Haiti, a design for a self-sustainable village, a design studio in Havana, Cuba and he is currently designing parts of new cities in Southern China. Wampler's articles and buildings have been published in a number of architectural magazines. These include: "La Puntilla," Progressive Architecture; "L'Emprette," L'Architecture D'Aujourd'hui, May/June 1975; "Boston Architecture", Andrea Leers and Alex Krieger, A&U, V. 222, March, 1989; "Thinking the City" exhibition; "Designing for Special Populations," Architecture, January, 1987; "A Village in a House," Space and Society, June 1984. He also authored a book in 1976, All Their Own, People and the Places They Build, the Schenkman Publishing Company, Cambridge, MA, 1976.
He recently exhibited his work of the last twenty five years at MIT entitled "Open Strings for e - Search on the Journey."
BERNARD AMADEI Diploma of Engineering (1977) in Applied Geology from the School of Applied Geology and Mining Engineering (Ecole Supérieure de Géologie Appliquée et de Prospection Minière) MS from the University of Toronto in 1979 and was awarded a doctorate (PhD) in civil engineering (1982), University of California, Berkeley.
Founder of Engineers without Borders (USA), Professor of civil engineering at the University of Colorado, and former director of the Mortenson Center in Engineering for Developing Communities. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a recipient of the Hoover Medal.
Rocha Medal (1984) from the International Society for Rock Mechanics. 2007 Hoover Medal. The 13th Heinz Award in the Environment (co-awardee), 2007 Membership in the National Academy of Engineering (United States) (2008) for "the creation of Engineers Without Borders, leadership in sustainable development education, and research on geomechanics." 2009 Award of Excellence from Engineering News-Record for founding Engineers Without Borders (USA).
The Obama administration, following up the president's announcement of the program in Cairo, named Mr. Amadei one of three Scientific Envoys appointed by Secretary of State Clinton in November, 2012.
OUR CYPRUS-BASED CREW
FIONA MULLEN Economist & Director, Fiona Mullen has been providing independent economic analysis to an international audience for over 20 years. She founded Sapienta Economics Ltd in 2006 and co-founded Strata Insight energy advisory in 2012. She has been the Cyprus contributor for the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) since 2001 and the economy consultant to the United Nations Good Offices mission since 2008.
Prior to living in Cyprus Mullen was Senior Analyst and Director of the flagship Country Reports at the EIU. She was the Senior Analyst from 2002 until 2006 at the Financial Mirror. Mullen has written extensively on Cyprus and frequently cited in international media.
MICHAEL LOIZIDES: Greek-Cypriot, Chairman of the Board of Directors of ISOTECH Ltd since 1998. Dr Loizides is a Chemical and Environmental Engineer. Michael graduated from the National Technical University of Athens in Chemical Engineering and obtained his Masters Degree in Environmental Engineering from Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London. He received his PhD from the National Technical University of Athens, School of Chemical Engineering.
Since 1990 he has worked as external associate of National Technical University of Athens and as Environmental Engineer in several research projects. He has been a scientific coordinator in more than 40 EU funded projects (LIFE, Leonardo da Vinci, 5th-6th-7th EU Framework for Research, MEDA and other), international funded projects (eg by UNEP, UNDP, USAID), transnational projects (eg DAC projects), national research projects (eg Cyprus Research Foundation) and private funded projects in the field of waste management, Environmental Impact Studies, ISO 14000, Safety Management and Community Annoyance.
Michael provides technical consultancy in several municipalities and communities in Cyprus on waste management and community issues. Since 2005 he has cooperated with the University of Cyprus as Research and Teaching Fellow, teaching final year Civil and Environmental Engineering students the environmental part of their capstone design project.
GEORGE LORDOS Greek-Cypriot FAMAGUSTA NATIVE, Businessman B.A. (Hons) & M.A. Philosophy, Politics & Economics (Oxon) S.M.’00 – MBA (MIT Sloan) Director of Cyprus Friendship Program, Inc., a nonprofit which brings together Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot teenagers to promote peaceful interaction and understanding. He also participates in joint actions between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot business leaders through the GC and TC chambers of commerce, with a view to economic cooperation and reunification.
BERAN DJEMAL Turkish-Cypriot; BS in Political Science from Middle East Technical University and Post Graduate Diploma in International Conflict and Cooperation from The Stirling University, Scotland; currently working at Cyprus Community Media Center in area of Media & Community Relations.
Why this film should matter to YOU
Because the damage to our planet and the resulting wars that come from abuse to the environment and our claims over its resources will affect all of us, one way or another. Sustainability cannot be just a sexy trend, it needs to be embraced as a way of life, and that's where creativity comes into play.
Every citizen of the world should be able to:
1. Rely on their immediate community for their needs.
2. Know how to use and carefully manage the natural resources locally available to them.
3. Be given the knowhow and ability to harness the power of their environment in a non-destructive way.
4. Have access to a modern infrastructure that is not built on a Victorian-era view of humanty’s dominion over nature.
Your contribution will help ensure that there are examples out there, and blueprints to follow, of how we can approach life in a way that not only preserves our planet but ensures that human life can continue in a peaceful way for all, not just a few.
This is no small task!
We are trying to raise AT LEAST $30,000 to ensure that we can get started with production, and most importantly to be in Cyprus for the official launch of the Famagusta Ecocity Project in January when the entire cast of characters gets together for the first time. This means we need to be there filming every moment of it, especially considering that Varosha could potentially be opened up again soon and we'd need to be there to make sure we capture that on film.
Eventually, we are hoping to secure another $100,000-150,000 for post-production including editing and animation, etc., but we'll cross that bridge when we get to it. We will use your contributions to get to Cyprus so we don't miss the important launch, and continue fundraising through grants and other sources.
If you are able to help us out, your donations will go to pay for all the expenses associated with the production of the various media (film, animation, writing) including videography and the equipment associated with it (rental/purchasing of cameras, lenses, lights, microphones, hard drives, tripods, etc.), editing, website maintenance, transportation costs around the island, and it will also include such costs as translators, transcribers and subtitling, plus all of the additional expenses that we can't even foresee right now.
(My high school English teacher would cringe at the previous paragraph, but hey, we're on a tight deadline).
Other Ways to Support
Get the word OUT.
Please share this page with friends and family on Facebook, Twitter, Blogs, etc.
Donate equipment! (lenses, cameras, tripods, SD cards, hard drives, etc.)
Offer feedback (only if it’s constructive though, no naysaying!) or connect us to people who may want to be involved.
Pray / Meditate / Chant / Sing a song of victory for us / raise a glass of your favorite beverage to our health and good fortune!
A MASSIVE AND HEARTFELT THANKS TO ALL OF YOU!!
Risks and challenges
Aside from the logistical challenges that accompany any film making process, there are certain aspects to this project that present unique risks. Even if the final outcome is not our ideal, desired destination, the voyage itself will make for not only compelling viewing, but could also serve as a cautionary tale to others dealing with similar divided communities.
For one, the bi-communal nature of this project brings with it decades of division, mistrust, disinformation, and in the extremes even visceral hate that must be overcome (that in itself bring with it a large amount of possible documentary material). To be able to document both sides with the respect, attention, and with the level of detail needed we will need to find willing participants on all sides or we will risk telling a one sided story. Luckily, we have a varied bi-communal team to help us overcome these obstacles and get hold of stories from a wide spectrum of the Cypriot population, both Greek and Turkish Cypriot.
Documenting the ecological and environmental aspects will be the easiest part of the process, since our team of experts are willing and able to help and be part of the process. This is the part of the documentary that will lend itself to being explained in animation whenever we are unable to obtain actual footage from the field. The obstacles we will face here will be logistic challenges, schedules, timetables, weather, etc. With enough time and financial support we will be able to overcome these issues.
Another aspect, is the political one. Since the Republic of Cyprus considers the north of the island to be territory occupied by an invading force, and only Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) as a legitimate country. Because of this there are certain obstacles to collaborating between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot institutions. For instance, there are many organizations in the south that will not cooperate, let alone collaborate, with institutions in the north as this is seen to give legitimacy to the TRNC. In order to avoid this, any Turkish Cypriot who wishes to collaborate on projects that have official sponsorship from institutions from the south must do so on an unofficial or volunteer basis. We have insured that none of our Greek-Cypriot team members will have a problem with working alongside Turkish Cypriots, and vice versa.
Finally, the greatest political obstacle is the fact that Varosha currently remains surrounded with barbed wire and held strictly off limits by the Turkish military. We don’t know if the political discussions starting this month will amount to anything, but that doesn’t prevent us from creating as elaborate a plan of action as possible, and documenting this plan in as succinct a manner as possible. Under the current conditions, we can continue to observe the area from the outside, look at the conditions of the houses, record what we can, and talk to the Turkish migrant and Turkish-Cypriot populations inhabiting the rest of the city. Additionally, the other half of the population whose support for this project we would need, and whose stories we’d want access to, are all living in Nicosia, Limassol and other places in the south of the island. There is enough work that can be done without our team gaining direct access to the ghost city, therefore this is not a major hindrance. Our goal is after all is to lay the foundation and have the plans ready to go if and when the fenced off city is opened up again.
We know this sounds like a lot, but don't worry we have it ALL under control.Learn about accountability on Kickstarter
- (30 days)