Cloud Services

by Karolina Sobecka

Karolina Sobecka wants some feedback on this project. What do you like? What could be better? Anything missing?

Leave feedback

No feedback yet! Be the first to leave feedback

This is not a live project. This is a draft shared by Karolina Sobecka for feedback.

Note that all projects must comply with the Kickstarter Rules to launch. Karolina Sobecka may disable this link at any time.

$0
pledged of 50.000 $pledged of 50.000 $ goal
0
backers
30days to go

Back this project

Share
Tweet
Mail
Embed
This project is not live
This is only a draft that the creator has chosen to share
Karolina SobeckaBy Karolina Sobecka
First created
Karolina SobeckaBy Karolina Sobecka
First created
$0
pledged of 50.000 $pledged of 50.000 $ goal
0
backers
30days to go

Back this project

Share
Tweet
Mail
Embed
This project is not live
This is only a draft that the creator has chosen to share

About

Cloud Services is a proposal for using the biosphere and the natural channels provided by it to upload, store and transmit data around the world. Clouds teem with microbes which are transferred worldwide in air masses and water cycle, and microbes in the soil are so plentiful that 1 gram of soil represents 100 TB of storage capacity if we consider using only 1 % of microbial genome for data storage. Data encoded in the microbes DNA can be universally distributed and stored permanently in the soil, tapping into a data storage and transfer system that has been optimized by billion years of evolution within the planet's energy budget constraints.

Life is only possible where there's water. What if access to water is access to information?

This project explores how a different priorities for metabolizing natural resources would transform the planet and transform our fundamental perception of ourselves in nature, our sense of the land and the feel of the weather. We envision a shift of our fundamental concepts as the weather patterns become once again not incidental but essential to our lives, as our technology becomes indistinguishable from nature, and as we start seeing not only information as nature but nature as information.

Our demo illustrates application of techniques on a small scale: we encode a plaintext message into the DNA and inserted it into cloud bacteria. We then used this bacteria as nuclei around which cloud droplets condense. For the purpose of the demonstration the cloud is made at ground level, but a weather modeling software is used to simulate where our data would end up if created in the atmosphere. We rain out the cloud using the ice nucleating properties of the bacteria, and extract and decode the message by sequencing the bacteria's DNA.

Contact us to schedule a demo presentation.

FIELD TEST

We're conducting the first field test in remote area of Finland.

What we're looking to do now is scale up, design the service and support infrastructure to enable worldwide adaptation of this technology.

HOW IT WORKS:

• Binary data is translated into DNA code, using a torrent-like method to split large files into small data packets. The DNA sequences are chemically synthesized into short chains of deoxyribonucleic acid molecules.

• The cloud bacteria is transformed with the synthesized DNA using gene drive technique, which ensures it will be passed on to the next generation of bacteria and spread in the entire population. Gene drive information flanks data packets and functions as the torrent header.

• The data-rich bacteria is then applied to the clover plants which nurture the bacteria and amplify it.

• Bacteria on the clover is carried into the atmosphere by the air currents.

• Once in the atmosphere, bacteria induce clouds to form, acting as Cloud Condensation Nuclei: moisture in the air condenses around them into cloud droplets.

• Data clouds are transported around the planet in air masses and water cycle.

  • Strategically planted clover fields nurture and amplify the bacteria when it rains down on earth's surface, and expose them to air currents lifting them into the air again.

• When cloud bacteria rain down, they interact with the bacteria in the environment. The data in cloud bacteria genome is exchanged through the horizontal gene transfer with other bacteria species around them. • Soil bacteria become a permanent data repository. New layers of information are formed through updates brought by the cloud bacteria in the water cycle.

• Information stored in the biosphere can be read using DNA sequencing. Currently this is done in labs equipped with sequencing technology, however small personal sequencing chips, such as the MinION sequencer, are already entering the market.

Help us envision what changes the adaptation of this technology would put in place.

WHAT WE'VE DONE:

We've designed a set of tools for implementing Cloud Services:

• Employing synthetic biology we've prepared a microbe effective as a data-carrier. Pseudomonas syringae thrives in the atmosphere and all the environments associated with water cycle, and has built-in mechanisms for getting airborne, staying aloft and getting back to the surface and has a high genome plasticity.

• As a counterpart to the microbe we've designed a plant (based on a red clover cultivar) that nurtures and amplifies the bacteria while it is on earth’s surface.

• We've designed a method to store the data permanently in soil microbiome distributing the chunks of data using a torrent-like system. Using 'gene drives', a new synthetic biology tool, we ensure that the DNA data will be passed on to the next generation every time and spread through the entire population of bacteria - becoming permanently embedded in its genome.

• We turned to the field of aerobiology to learn from the history of bacteria - land interactions.

WHAT WE NEED TO DO:

• Model the atmospheric air flow to understand the distribution patterns of the cloud bacteria, and to design an agricultural plan for distributing the clover.

• Turn to fields of landscape architecture and permaculture, we need to identify and design distribution of clover plants in relationship to topographies that favor the turbulent and convective movement of the air that lifts the microbes into the clouds, and determine how this would in turn influence precipitation patterns and alter the landscape and vegetation.

• Envision infrastructure for collection and dispersal of the data.

Human ideologies are enacted through practices that reshape our landscapes, becoming a direct trace of society on the land. In the past 100 years we have transformed our landscapes into a machine for consumption of fossil fuels, rigging them with a complicated infrastructure of physical and socio-technological armatures. In this project imagine the shift of our fundamental concepts as the weather patterns become once again not incidental but essential to our lives, as our technology becomes indistinguishable from nature, and as we start seeing not only information as nature but nature as information.

MORE INFORMATION

• Synthetic biology

Synthetic biology is a young field that re-imagines nature as programmable parts, analogous to the components of computer hardware and software, a system that is both the machine and the software that runs on it. Synthetic biologists see biology as technology, and operate on it using engineering principles with the aim to advance the transformation of biological system design from an ad hoc, artisanal craft to a more predictable, engineering discipline. It is a field dedicated not to study of nature but to using its materials and processes in potentially whole new ways.

• Encoding data in DNA

Encoding data into the DNA of living organisms is no longer a novelty. Big data industry is invested in this trajectory because of the promise of efficient, high-capacity, low-maintenance information storage and secure encryption that it offers.

In the past decade we have seen an upsurge in advances in encoding schemes, leading to predictions that home DNA data storage solutions for individuals are going to be available within 10 years. A few notable examples from the research include the 2003 encoding of “It’s a Small World (After All)” melody into a bacteria at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Washington state, more recently scientists have encoded all Shakespeare’s sonnets, audio clip from Martin Luther King’s famous “I have a dream” speech, a copy of James Watson and Francis Crick’s classic paper on the structure of DNA, a photo of the researchers’ institute and a file that describes how the data were converted in an E.coli bacteria and in another study raised the storage density to 2.2 petabytes per gram.

Secure encryption is another reason why DNA is such an attractive target for the information industry. DNA-based Cryptography is an emerging field of cryptography pursuing the creation of infrastructure of communication and information security.

• Cloud bacteria

Hundreds of bacteria species are found in the clouds, but Pseudomonas syringae deserves special attention. It thrives in the clouds, with high resistance to UV, cold and salinity, and with an ability to utilize air pollutants as nutrients. It is found in all habitats associated with the water cycle. Its size, buoyant density and surface properties determine its high capacity to remain aloft in the air. It also has the unique ability to catalyze the formation of ice, which has turned it into the center of many controversies surrounding biotechnology, and is now rising questions about its role in hydrologic cycle and energy budget of the Earth.

There has been many well documented instances of bacteria’s influence on climate and weather. The atmosphere we breathe today, composed of 21% oxygen, is the result of respiration of ancient bacteria. Ocean plankton produces chemical which seeds clouds. Microbes in soil and on land produce 70% of greenhouse gas methane released into the air. The number of microorganisms in the atmosphere has led to suggestions that they constitute an atmospheric microbiome, which might play a role similar to one microbes play in other superorganisms, where they are responsible for processes considered to be intrinsic to their host. Studies have shown that the bacteria not only passively travel in the clouds, but are also metabolically active there and might effect the physicochemical properties of the atmosphere. In particular, P. syringae’s ability to induce clouds to form and precipitate might influence solar radiation balance and hydrologic cycle.

Gene Drives

FAQ

Risks and challenges

The biggest risk of this project is to the existing status quo.

Learn about accountability on Kickstarter

Questions about this project? Check out the FAQ

Support

  1. Select this reward

    Pledge $25 or more About $25

    Cloud clover tea

    Less
    Estimated delivery
    Ships to Anywhere in the world
    0 backers
    $
    Kickstarter is not a store.

    It's a way to bring creative projects to life.

    Learn more about accountability.
  2. Select this reward

    Pledge $50 or more About $50

    Cloud Services t-shirt

    Less
    Estimated delivery
    Ships to Anywhere in the world
    0 backers
    $
    Kickstarter is not a store.

    It's a way to bring creative projects to life.

    Learn more about accountability.
  3. Select this reward

    Pledge $100 or more About $100

    tbd

    Less
    Estimated delivery
    0 backers
    $
    Kickstarter is not a store.

    It's a way to bring creative projects to life.

    Learn more about accountability.
  4. Select this reward

    Pledge $500 or more About $500

    Cloud bacteria.

    Less
    Estimated delivery
    Ships to Anywhere in the world
    0 backers
    $
    Kickstarter is not a store.

    It's a way to bring creative projects to life.

    Learn more about accountability.
  5. Select this reward

    Pledge $1,000 or more About $1,000

    Cloudbac with your message in it.
    Ships to countries that allow GMOs, please check if you can have it before pledging.

    Less
    Estimated delivery
    Ships to Anywhere in the world
    0 backers
    $
    Kickstarter is not a store.

    It's a way to bring creative projects to life.

    Learn more about accountability.
  6. Select this reward

    Pledge $5,000 or more About $5,000

    tbd

    Less
    Estimated delivery
    0 backers
    $
    Kickstarter is not a store.

    It's a way to bring creative projects to life.

    Learn more about accountability.