More testing should produce an upward lift greater than 100% making my device a serious candidate for the little known and little contested $1.3 million Gode Gravity Award. The requirements to win this award are:
"A 20 gram heavy device or the assembly itself, is required to float freely at least 1 minute at a minimum distance of 10 cm from any surface."
Most scientist have accepted Einstein’s idea that mass can warp space. This “strange”
idea has been supported by abundant observation. Newton’s “strange” idea that mass can
attract other mass has also been supported by abundant observation. However, there is another "strange" idea from the past that enjoyed abundant observational support. This was the notion that the earth had the extraordinary and mysterious power to make the whole universe revolve around it in a 24 hours. After a lot of pain to dissenters this strange idea was finally replaced with the idea of heliocentrism which seemed more physical and less mysterious. This lesson from the past seems to be lost on today's scientists who seem once again to be championing an unphysical idea that is supported by widespread observation. The unthinking acceptance of the observationally supported "strange" and mysterious idea that mass can warp space or that it can attract other mass has resulted in a preposterous universe where 95% of it is little understood. This situation does not call for hordes of experimenters spending billions keeping the ancient basic mysterious hypothesis in place. What it calls for is a lone self-financed theorists working for years the attic trying to come up with an idea that would replace the idea mass can attract other mass or warp space.
The gravity theory that I am trying to promote has the fundamental hypothesis that gravitational phenomena is the result of transferred momentum produced by "stopped wind" a term which will be described. We already know a lot about momentum and the dynamics of wind. Thus the fundamental idea of my theory is further interpretable in terms of familiar physics.
This theory has led to an experiment where a seven pound test mass was observed to lose 99% of its weight.
Neither Einstein's fundamental premise that mass can warp space nor Newton's fundamental premise that mass can
attract other mass can comprehend this easily repeatable table top experiment.
Experiments with similar results can be found here and here and here. My patent pending device which I call a Reactionless Thermal Drive is getting quite close to being able to levitate. The winning of the Gode Award will further insure the reduction to practice of this promising invention. Since we live in a world where anti-gravity is thought impossible, it is hard to get funding for this invention. Thus support from Kickstarters is all important and critical.
My device when fully developed should have certain advantages over the jet and the rocket. The jet and the rocket produce a deafening amount of noise and the rocket large amounts of exhaust. My device on the other hand is silent and reactionless. Furthermore, when it is fully developed , it should employ comparatively fewer moving parts than the jet.
Anyone who can understand why the cold parcel of air blows towards the warm one can understand my Stopped Wind theory of gravity
Below is a picture of a sea breeze which in the morning blows from the sea towards the land.
In the morning the sun has a much harder time heating up the sea than it does the land. Thus the parcel of air above the sea is colder than the parcel of air above the land. Because it is more dense, cold air has a greater air pressure than warm air. Because warm air is less dense, it has lower pressure than cold air. It is this pressure difference that makes the wind to blow. What my device does is take a container of air and using a hot source make one part of it hot and one part of it cold with a cold source. This idea is illustrated in the picture below.
The cold air at the bottom part of he container will have a greater pressure than the hot air at the top of the container. The dense molecules of the cold air will want to move towards the less dense hot molecules at the top of the container similar to what happens between two parcels of air with different temperature. However, little easily observed air movement will occur. Instead of moving an observable distance the colder molecules will only be able to transfer momentum to the upper less dense warmer molecules. It is this one-way transfer of momentum of the cold molecules on the warmer less dense molecules that I believe constitutes the gravitational force that we are all so familiar with on the surface of the earth.
In the picture below an suspended upside down aluminum pot is shown which an about one half of an inch of it lies submerged in a pan of ice water. This makes the air in the pot just above the ice water cold and thus increases it over all pressure. At the top of the pot a 820 W butane torch is pointed towards the pot. This applied heat makes the air just inside the top part of the pot hot. This has the effect of decreasing the over all pressure of this upward layer of hot air. This butane torch is fired up for about 200 seconds as is indicated by the initially decreasing red line.
This red line measures the change of weight of the aluminum pot over time in newtons. Its drop in ~200 seconds indicates that an upward force equivalent to 90% of the 3.3 pound or 1.4 kg weight of the aluminum pot was produced inside the pot.
The sun's gravity as stopped wind that can only transfer momentum
The sun can be thought of as a ball of gas. The direction of the gravitational force inside it points towards its center. The temperature of the gas in its outer parts is all much lower than the temperature of the gas at its center. Thus. at least initially, the pressure of the gas in its outer parts should be much higher than the pressure of the gas at its center. This higher pressure in the sun's outer parts will make the outer particles want to move towards its center. However, there is little space for these center moving particles to move. Instead of moving what they will do is to transfer momentum that will be directed towards the sun's center. This center-directed-transferred momentum can be thought of as what constitutes the sun's gravitational force.
Risks and challenges
The many experiments that have already been performed give clues of what modifications of my patent pending device would be needed to produce levitation. There have been hints that a serious decrease in the size of the top hollow disc could produce an improvement in the upward force. There are some theoretical arguments that increasing the length of the hollow tube connecting the two discs might help. Yet to be explored is the placing of dry ice instead of ice on the top of the bottom disc to cool the air inside If this does not work placing a combination of dry ice and liquid nitrogen on the top part of the bottom disk might produce the sought after levitation of the device.
Because I am 75 I am setting my sights on just winning the $1.3 million Gode Award which I think is possible with Kickstarter help. However, if the situation warrants it, I will consider applying for an international patent as well as further developing my device. I would also be open to the building of toy models that would appeal to the hobbyist.
However, there is unfinished theoretical work that has nothing to do with gravity that I would like to attend to. After decades of uneventful minuscule progress my Microscopic Theory, just like my gravity theory, is beginning to show some signs of progress and usefulness. The years of theorizing on my Microscopic Theory has opened up a way to provide a believable, close-to-experience way to explain how strongly repelling and attracting charged particles can both reside in such a small place as an atom or molecule It has got me excited about there might be a better way to comprehend how oppositely charged particles can be contained in such a small area of an atom or molecule.
A gravity theory based on attractive spreading radiation as a way to explain the accelerating universe and the flat rotation curves of galaxies. The large group of physicist who have been employed for decades looking for the elusive dark matter and the also large group of physicists exploring the enigmatic dark energy will probably will probably not be too enthusiastic about a far reaching theoretical solution such as the assumption of attractive radiation to the dark matter and dark energy problem. Although a far reaching theoretical solution at the turn of the last century did wonders to the resistance of those experimenters who enjoyed long term employment looking for the luminiferous aether. Nevertheless, because of the large amount of money that have been spent looking for the dark matter I may have to spend a lot of time promoting and defending a solution stemming an an attractive radiation gravity theory. These solutions can be found in my article describing my initial older gravity theory at (http://vixra.org/abs/0907.0018).
The requested $15,000.00 will first be spent on test equipment such as force, pressure and temperature sensors. If necessary some money will be allotted to rent a place to test my devices. I am hoping this will not be necessary and I will be able to test my device in my car or in an open field. At the present time my apartment that I am now leasing provides a pretty good place for building my Reactionless Thermal Drive. Hopefully there will be enough money left over use to apply for a utility patent before the time limit of my present provisional patent runs out. Of course, if more than $15,000 is granted it will add more insurance that there will be in the future vehicle capable of supplanting the jet and rocket who at the present time produce so much noise and unwanted exhaust.
Fortunately or unfortunately gravitational phenomena is ubiquitous. So if our venerated 300 year mass-based gravity theory is not working as evidenced by the flat rotation curves of galaxies and the fact of cosmic acceleration, the theorist-experimentalist such as I, has a formidable problem. Fortunately the old turtle, one-step-at-a-time act carried out for 30 years has pretty much solved the problem. This long-term effort has produced the notion of "stopped wind". You are going to have to spend some time figuring what I mean by this term.
At the beginning of the 20th when the discovery of atomic phenomena was not jiving with the theories that everyone knew, the concept of "time dilation" was brought forth on the scene. It turned out that this concept allowed for extraordinary prediction. If try thinking about what I mean by "stopped wind", I believe you will be far better off than knowing about the words or concepts of MOND, dark matter and dark energy. The idea are stop gap solutions. They do not solve the problem in a lasting way of what actually gravitationally binds mass to other mass.
The hot air inside a balloon has a lower density and thus a lower pressure. The colder air outside the balloon has a greater density and thus a greater pressure. This pressure difference between the two parcels of air provides the force that lifts the hot air balloon. With my device I bring the "cold parcel of air outside the balloon" inside my device. Thus inside my device I will have a hot parcel and a cold parcel of air. The pressure difference between the the two parcels provides the force that lifts my device. By being able to bring the cold parcel of air inside my device two advantages are obtained over the hot air balloon. First, my device is not restricted to only moving in the atmosphere as is the hot air balloon--and the helium balloon, the jet and the airplane. Second, I am able to control how cold the cold parcel of air can get. Thus a greater pressure difference can be obtained which will in turn provide a much greater upward force.
My "stopped wind" view of gravity does apply to the earth if the definition of what constitutes a fluid is relaxed. Since a fluid like the air and a solid like the earth have a temperature, it can be inferred that their respective molecules vibrate in three directions. Heat makes solids expand and its absence makes solids contract. Now things get confusing since we cannot measure pressure of a sold as we can measure pressure with a gas. Thus I will not confuse myself or the reader further. I will merely say that I have experiments where I make one part of a solid hot and the other part of it cold and an experimental change of weight is observed. Here is an easily repeated experiment ( http://screencast.com/t/e63zmeXTppP ). Here is another one that is not so easy to repeat (http://screencast.com/t/cfcuSYBdwL5a ). These experiments should send shock waves to those who subscribe to the view that mass has the ability to attract other mass or warp space.
The amount of radiation from the sun, like the traditional Newtonian gravitational force varies inversely as the square of the distance from the sun. When sunlight falls on the earth, it warms those parts of the atmosphere and earth's surface closest to the sun. The parts farther away from the sun are naturally less warm. Thus we have two parts or parcels of molecules a warm parcel closer to the sun and a colder parcel farther away from the sun. The cold parcel will have a greater density and pressure while the warm parcel will have less density and less pressure. A pressure gradient will then exist and it will point in the direction of the radiating sun. To me this pressure gradient sets up a condition for "halted wind" which I think constitutes the gravitational force.
I further believe that the sun pulls only those parts of the earth which has been subjected to sunlight. With the tides we know that the sun and moon can do some considerable "pulling". Maurice Allais found observational evidence for "diurnal variation in g" .
However NASA has promoted the idea that the Allais effect has to do with variation of g during a solar eclipse when they should have recognized Allais startling discovery of a diurnal variation in g which needs to be further studied and supports my "halted wind" theory of gravity. For more on Allais, google Allais' paper entitled "Should the laws of gravitation be reconsidered?"
I believe that what is created inside my device is the gravitational force. I like to characterize gravitational phenomena as "stopped wind" . The wind that moves along the horizontal, as with the sea breeze, is wind that has not been stopped. The air molecules with wind found in the open air are more free to move than they are within my device which is intentionally closed and air-tight. Inside my device there is no room for the cold air that has greater pressure to move. Instead what happens is the stopped cold air molecules transfer momentum creating a force that is directed towards warm less dense molecules.
My view of the gravitational force as an instance of "stopped wind" differs from the long-held textbook explanation of gravity that it is due to a mysterious ability of mass to (1) either attract other mass or (2) more fantastically to warp space. There is the textbook view and there is my view. Both views cannot be used simultaneously to explain gravitational phenomena. Otherwise confusion will occur.
This problem worried me a lot when I first conduced my change-of-weight studies that I started ten years ago. See my paper where I show five of these early experiments at http://vixra.org/abs/0907.0018 . I found that all was needed was to make simple precautions to insure that the temperature of the force sensor did not change by several degrees Celsius during an experiment. Due to the nature of my recent large weight-change experiments much less heat is generated that will land on the force sensor during an experiment than as what happened in my earlier small weight-change studies.
Yes in 1999 I got the following results which was my first experimental confirmation of my heat-based (1977) gravity theory (http://screencast.com/t/7FCRxu7u . The force change was so steady when I conducted the experiment that I terminated experiment before the test mass stopped changing weight. I thought the result was spurious and due to some artifact of how the weight change was measured. I could not repeat the experiment. It was first conducted when it was two or three degrees Fahrenheit outside and I turned off the furnace and opened all the doors and windows. I was hoping to repeat the experiment but the outside temperature got that cold again.
This is a tricky experiment to carry out because heat wants to rise and "coldness" wants to fall. Let me direct you to these two experiments: http://screencast.com/t/e63zmeXTppP and http://www.screencast.com/users/pbfred/folders/Jing/media/6ae472d2-7623-4ef9-877a-43c84d664d07. In the first experiment for the first 400 seconds the heating element was turned "on". Thus in this first 400 seconds the applied heat is on the bottom and the applied "coldness" is on the top. What was observed was an INCREASE in weight. This arrangement is just the opposite of my recent large DECREASE in weight change experiments. When the power was cut off after the 400 second point, it is hard to explain the observed decrease in weight. However in the second experiment, a room temperature test mass was made to hover over a copper container filled with ice. Thus in this arrangement the top part of the test mass was made to be more warm than the bottom part of the test mass. This arrangement produced a 3% decrease in weight of test mass.
To anyone who contributes $25.00, photograph will be sent in December 2015 of either (1) Dr. Gode presenting the $1.3 million award to my company, or (2) of my anti-gravity device levitating (3) that embodiment of my device that I believe one day will be able demonstrate levitation. These photographs will be accompanied with a note of my appreciation.
At the present time, a photograph of "(3)...that embodiment of my device that I believe one day will be able to demonstrate levitation" can be found at (http://screencast.com/t/IOPygGBcP).