SPICE I2C Expansion Board - Arduino Shield & More (Canceled)
SPICE up you electronic project, add sensors, display, lights, memory, and more. Built for Arduino but I2C compatible.
SPICE I2C Expansion Board
The SPICE I2C expansion board is a showcase design for I2C devices. It adds sensors, memory, display, I/O expander, etc. while only using two analog signals. The SPICE board does require 5 volts and ground for power.
This board is built to plug into an Arduino Uno. We included a standalone secondary 3.3 V power supply to control the low voltage devices. The board can be used with any microcontroller that supports I2C. This includes Raspberry Pi, PIC and other AVR microcontrollers, etc.
We have the following eight I2C devices on board:
1. Three Axis Accelerometer
2. Four LED Driver (PWM for Dimming and/or Blinking)
3. EEPROM Memory - 32Kbit
4. Digital Potentiometer - 5 kohm
5. RTCC, Real Time Clock/Calendar
6. 12-bit DAC (Digital to Analog Converter)
7. 16-bit I/O Expander
8. Temperature Sensor
1. Voltage Regulator & Level Shift, 3.3V
2. Two (2) Seven-Segment Displays
Each I2C chip select represents a unique set of functions. For this reason we used chips from several manufacturers. SPICE I2C includes parts from NXP (formerly Philips the developer of the I2C protocol), Microchip, Texas Instruments, and Freescale. Each of these companies has areas of expertise that was leveraged to develop a board with a wide range of capabilities.
Another major element of the development was software. In choosing a broad range of devices, we created a situation where controlling everything required unique software. Controlling a 16-bit I/O expander is different from setting the output on a digital potentiometer.
The most challenging was the accelerometer from Freescale. This device uses a repeat start operation that is not supported by the standard Wire library from Arduino. We found an alternate library from a great developer that does support this operation. That developer DSS Circuits has agreed to let us share their Arduino I2C library:
For each device, we will have working sample code that will include comments to describe how the software works. This will give you a great starting point for developing code for your application.
Because I2C devices are designed to work with a microcontroller, it is natural that most of them are small surface mounted devices (SMD). This created a development situation where straight forward breadboard alone would not work. We had to first mount the devices to breakout boards and then assemble them on a breadboard to test out the operation of the device.
That would have been difficult enough on its own, but we wanted to use parts that were designed for use in smartphones. These parts are extra small, and use tricky footprints. (You cannot find a breakout board for a DFN-8 device. There can be more than one style depending on size of the chip.) Custom designed and fabricated circuit boards were required to test the operation of some devices.
These I2C devices are amazing with features like 3-axis accelerometer, temperature sensors, memory, expanders, etc. The small size and uncommon solder pads make them feel like they were designed to keep away hobbyist because they are difficult to solder. That made us more determined to open up opportunities for everyone to use them.
Did we mention that these parts are small? That meant the pad size and space between pads were small. Custom fabricated break out boards were going to push the boundaries of what we thought was possible. The prototype boards were not pretty, but they allowed us to verify we could use these parts before we built an expansion board around them.
We learned the difficulty in soldering these devices, difficult but possible with determination. For some of these devices, the soldering pads are on the bottom of the chip with no external leads.
We did most of the soldering using hot air oven re-flow, but then we had to use hand soldering to fix solder bridges. It felt like an impossible task when we first tried fixing a solder bridge under the chip.
Some parts were too small to fabricate in-house PCB. The pads were too close together, e.g. QFN-16 parts had too many leads on too small a package. For these we designed breakout boards for commercial PCB fabrication. These were made at the same time as the fully designed expansion board. The plan was to test the final few parts, and at the same time be ready with a fully designed expansion board.
This was a risk, but there was simply no way to fabricate them with our equipment.
Hardware and software are only part of our development efforts. Integration was an element in the selection process. We included components that operate both at 5V and at 3.3V. This requires not only a second voltage, but also level conversion for the I2C communication signals.
While the Arduino board can provide the 3.3 volts, we built in the capability into the expansion board. The SPICE board can be used standalone with most other microcontrollers that have I2C capabilities.
The I2C protocol allows for all the devices on the expansion board to be controlled with only two wires. That is eight I2C devices using just two wires for control and another two wires to provide 5V and ground. You can connect even more external I2C devices using the same two analog signals.
We had fun working with all the different SMD parts, so we designed a souvenir board based on the development breakout boards. Each side of the souvenir board has a different SMD layouts for many wiring possibilities.
Previously all of our projects have been launched as assembled and DIY. That is because we believe that by building it yourself, you will be empowered to take on greater challenges.
This project is at the very edge of DIY. After we raise enough funds to cover the minimum assembly cost, we will begin offering this as a DIY kit. This will be an advanced level kit, not recommended for beginners. See our store website http://www.jouletime.com/store.html for beginner or intermediate level kits.
We do ship internationally. If you don't see your country listed, contact us for a estimate for shipping. Our international shipping is usually USPS first class without tracking.
Risks and challenges
We have successfully launched two Kickstarter campaigns. Each was more complex and difficult to assemble. This is the most complex and challenging project we have attempted.
Because of these complexities, this project has the highest initial launch cost of any of our projects. We have to reach this goal to make this project cost effective.Learn about accountability on Kickstarter
- (32 days)