The Kickstarter Blog

Creator's Guide to Video

Yesterday a new project by Robin Sloan called Robin writes a book went live, and something about his project jumped out at us immediately: Robin’s video was really, really good. It’s crisp, it’s well edited, and the structure is very strong.

Robin’s bio mentioned that he’s worked with Current, so on a lark I sent him an email asking if he would be willing to pen a little video guide for the community touching on what kind of camera to use, how to edit, how to best capture sound, etc. Robin readily agreed, and his excellent recommendations are below. We thank him for his generous advice, and encourage everyone to check out his project.

Here’s Robin:

I’m no video expert, but — good news! — you don’t have to be a video expert to make a good video for your Kickstarter project. And besides, a lot of the advice you’ll find for general-purpose video production doesn’t apply to this kind of video. So here are some of my Kickstarter-specific tips.

SUPER OCCULT VIDEO CHECKLIST

LIGHT. Your most crucial task is to get lots of light for your camera to work with. This doesn’t mean the picture is going to be brighter; it means it’s going to be sharper. So don’t record your video at night, even indoors. And know that you’re going to have to move lights around; this might make you feel dorky and presumptuous, but that’s how you’ll know you’re doing it right. Get some light coming in from the front of you and some from the side. Any light source works: lamps, windows, even mirrors.

LIGHT, PART 2. This is gonna seem like a silly detail, but try to get a dot of light reflected in your eyes. It makes you look more alive. Seriously! Lights on the other side of the room can supply this. So can a desk lamp, if you cover it with a piece of paper and then punch a small hole through the paper.

SOUND. This is actually even more important than the image. If you have a microphone you can plug into your computer, use it. Otherwise, just make sure you’re in a room that’s quiet and echo-free. Listen for the low, rumbly noisemakers we tend to tune out — refrigerators, air-conditioning units, etc. — and either get some distance or turn them off while you’re recording.

COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL. Don’t use music, images, video, or other content that you don’t have the rights to. Using copyrighted material is almost always against the law and can lead to expensive lawsuits down the road. The easiest way to avoid copyright troubles? Either create all the content yourself or use content that is free for public use. For example, you may be able to use some Creative Commons-licensed music — per the terms of their licenses — that's available on Soundcloud.

GEAR. If you’ve got a Mac laptop, the built-in camera works fine. Otherwise, consider using a digital still camera in video mode. They’re a cinch to handle, and it’s easy to get the video onto your computer when you’re finished.

GEAR, PART 2. If you have a friend with one of the newest Nikon or Canon digital SLRs, ask them for help. These cameras can shoot HD video through fancy SLR lenses, and it looks beautiful — better than anything you can get with even a high-end video camera. (I used a Nikon D90 for my video.)

PLANNING. This is just my personal theory, and others might disagree: I think the purpose of a Kickstarter video is to show your face and bring some emotion to the page. Period. So don’t worry about recapitulating all the details. Instead, tell us who you are, why you’re doing what you’re doing, and how you feel about the whole thing.

RECORDING. Here’s what you do: Write a quick outline with three or four bullet points, max. Start recording. Give your spiel. As soon as you’re done, decide what you liked about what you just said. Then, do it again immediately. Repeat this process five times. You’ll notice yourself getting more comfortable and conversational in front of the camera with every take. (Prediction: the best bits will come from your first take and your last.)

RECORDING, PART 2. If you get tongue-tied or flub a line, don’t give up on the take. Just take a breath, look at the camera, and start from where you messed up. You can edit it together later.

EDITING. Focus on isolating the good parts: the really crisp, clear lines, as well as the fun moments where we see something happening on your face — a slow smile, an arched eyebrow, a pregnant pause as you’re searching for the right words. Edit those together in big chunks. Windows Movie Maker and iMovie both work fine for this. Don’t overdo it. You want to showcase the good stuff you recorded, not obscure it with fancy editing.

EDITING, PART 2. Be ruthless. When you think you’re done, take a break, then come back and cut out 25% of the video. YOU MUST. People are going to visit your Kickstarter page, press “play” on your video, and… then what? This is the crucial moment. Put yourself in the seat of a potential backer and make sure your video, especially the first 20 seconds, is pure punch. (Fact: My first cut was 2X as long as the one I ended up using, and began with a wonky exposition on the economies of scale of book publishing. Zzzzz.)

ENCODING. On Windows, use WMV format. On Mac, use H.264. In both cases, the key variable is the “bit rate,” so look for that box. If it’s measured in kilobits per second (kbps), try 1500 to start. If it’s measured in megabits per second (Mbps), try 1.5. If the file is too big: Make that number smaller. If the quality seems bad: Make it bigger.

If anyone has any other tips to add to this discussion, please leave them in the comments.

Comments

    1. Picture%20025.small

      Creator XGE Records on June 21, 2011

      Thanks

    2. Photo_(57).small

      Creator Liz K Zook on June 23, 2011

      This has been incredibly helpful!
      Thanks.

    3. Voodoo%20photo.small

      Creator TheVoodooFix on June 23, 2011

      good on ya! Keep your eyes open for our video about The Voodoo Fix "Fall Tourganic"!

    4. Img_2695.small

      Creator Igor Yankilevich on June 26, 2011

      Excellent. thank you.

    5. Vecchi-19nov2011.small

      Creator Jim Vecchi on June 27, 2011

      Thanks for the information on file size limit, types of encoding and bit rate.

      My question: What are the optimal dimensions for the video to be posted on Kickstarter?

      Thanks in advance!

    6. Heart.small

      Creator altruistic productions on June 29, 2011

      Perfect timing! I am planning my video right now and this will be massively helpful!

    7. Missing_small

      Creator Becky Wright (deleted) on July 5, 2011

      THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU!!! VERY helpful indeed- and JUST in time!! Big hugs to you if I were there:)) Becky

    8. Missing_small

      Creator Shiva Nathan on July 8, 2011

      Nice! I really appreciate it!

    9. Ken%20gregg.small

      Creator Ken Gregg on July 8, 2011

      Thank you Yancey and thank you Robin. :)

    10. Missing_small

      Creator DDS. (deleted) on July 10, 2011

      Thanks a million!

    11. Zouave_cadets.small

      Creator Meg Thompson on July 14, 2011

      OK then--I will learn how to do a video. Back later!

    12. 36173_709962901515_2402102_39509627_2324562_n.small

      Creator Seán McCluskey on July 14, 2011

      This is awesome. Thank you so much - I would have been clueless without it!

    13. Twitter_enigmati.small

      Creator Chase on July 18, 2011

      thorough and comprehensive thanks for sharing.

    14. Pat_4746.small

      Creator Noël Gray on July 18, 2011

      So now ya gonna tell us how to get the little people to pop in and out of the frame too? ;)
      Seriously, good stuff, grassyass.

    15. Pict0653.small

      Creator John Wotawa on July 19, 2011

      thanks for the superb content. You mentioned imovie, so I'm gonna pick your brain once more. How do I get my completed imovie project to a location where I can upload it to kickstarter? I'm having real trouble. thanks again.

    16. Gridiron_cover_1%20colors_final%20le%20duc%20&%20randall.small

      Creator GREG LE DUC on July 23, 2011

      I want to add a second video and keep the first video as well. I have seen other projects do this. Not sure how.
      THANKS.
      Greg Le Duc

    17. Chris01.small

      Creator Christopher Durai on July 26, 2011

      What is the suggested resolution?
      1280X720?

    18. Sue%20rowe10a.small

      Creator Sue Rowe on July 28, 2011

      Ok here we go! I am gonna try it! Do you think if we re-record a song that is out that we will be in trouble for it:)

    19. 12450_207460738053_53474223053_4051757_3437988_n.small

      Creator TheDoLaB on August 3, 2011

      Thanks for these tips!

    20. 2012-04-14_16.21.38.small

      Creator Ana Maria Selvaggio on August 4, 2011

      Thank you! Incredibly helpful. Loved your video, inspiring. /follow Great blog.

    21. Kickstarter-headshot-lowrez.small

      Creator Stefany Northcutt on August 7, 2011

      Thank you! This is diy awesomeness. (diy-do it your self) :)

    22. Feather%20earrings1.small

      Creator Bele Bele on August 13, 2011

      fantastic! many thanks! this comes in handy and gives us a solid plan on how to go about this successfully. chido!

    23. Kimlightgreen2.small

      Creator Kim Cooper on August 15, 2011

      ok, but WHERE IS THE UPLOAD VIDEO LINK? SAME AS UPLOAD PHOTO??? Thx Kim~

    24. Zannechocolateveggies.small

      Creator Zanne Rose Winant & Lou Winant on August 17, 2011

      Fantastic - you just edited my video for me! My mom is a professional photographer, so she's the director this weekend.

    25. Dsc_4724p.small

      Creator Breeze Wetzel on August 19, 2011

      awesomeness...very helpful. Thank you!

    26. Iftv3.small

      Creator Deniz on August 21, 2011

      thank you very much! this has been very helpful! best regards from istanbul!

    27. Jesse_velvettrunk_2011_200x200.small

      Creator Jesse Phillips on August 23, 2011

      awesome, thanks! I LOVED LOVED how you said "I'm writing a book, I'm writing a book, I'm writing book" - very interesting & made me want to keep watching. I would add:

      1. MAKE IT SHORT! I think 3 min is too long. 1-2min is ideal, b/c my attention span (and everyone else's) is so short now.

    28. Img_6905ret.small

      Creator Tiye Petersen on August 31, 2011

      This was so helpful.

    29. 052.small

      Creator Rebecca Goode on August 31, 2011

      What res should the video be 640 x 480? 800 x600?

    30. Truck.small

      Creator Jesse Epstein on August 31, 2011

      Thanks Robin! Very helpful.

    31. Rickmolly.small

      Creator Richard Ray Perez and Molly O'Brien on September 21, 2011

      Did anyone get an answer on the the optimal or suggested resolution? 640 x 470? 800 x 600? 1280X720?

    32. Fb_profile_picture.small

      Creator Paweł Sroczyński on October 8, 2011

      thank you! :)

    33. 291695_285354951475254_100000022558656_1233866_1257679181_o1.small

      Creator Trudy Bea Gray on October 12, 2011

      Thank you this really helps !!

    34. Paul%20color%20glasses%20book.small

      Creator PAUL PITERSKI on October 25, 2011

      can anyone tell me how or where i can upload photos of my rewards, or can they only be shown in the video. thanks

    35. Itunes1024x1024.small

      Creator Galleries HQ on October 28, 2011

      Thank you! A great help for getting started.

    36. Screen%20shot%202011-11-28%20at%2011.48.09%20am.small

      Creator Anton Orlov on November 28, 2011

      What is the maximum file size allowed for videos?

    37. Ygs.small

      Creator Yancey Strickler on November 28, 2011

      This comment has been removed by Kickstarter.

    38. Fb_profile_picture.small

      Creator Ruthie Rose on December 6, 2011

      Thank you, Robin!

    39. Index.small

      Creator paul baxter on December 15, 2011

      Wow,
      I was stressin over the video
      You helped a lot
      THANKS MAN

    40. Pinkdiamond.small

      Creator Lacreasha on December 17, 2011

      Can we use copywritten martial as long as we give credit to the creator?

    41. Ygs.small

      Creator Yancey Strickler on December 19, 2011

      No Lacreasha. You can only use material that you have the rights to, or that is in the public domain. More here: http://www.kickstarter.com/help/search…

    42. Sophia.small

      Creator Ms.Phia on December 20, 2011

      still is unable to uplaod my video :-(

    43. Qumark.small

      Creator Mark & Lisa Burginger on December 24, 2011

      I have found 562x419 using a standard 4:3 ratio camera works just fine. I played with the bit rate, because it is jumpy - however that could be at the Amazon servers and not the video. I used a standard Flip camera, the old style.

    44. Fb_profile_picture.small

      Creator Jen on December 27, 2011

      i am currently working on two projects and find this content to be a very useful guide.

    45. Missing_small

      Creator Stephen Moser on January 2, 2012

      Wow-Awesome thanks for passing on the knowledge-thats what being an inventor/ entrp. is all about-Paying it Forward!

    46. 800px-mural_panoramico%20(2).small

      Creator ronald wheeler on January 16, 2012

      Thanks for all the good tips. I need all the help I can get and look forward to launching the best effort.

    47. Hayley-frame.small

      Creator HayleyTownley on January 18, 2012

      Terrific, thanks for sharing! CHEERS